Ch.1 Axelrod---Hobbes (Revised)

Ch.1 Axelrod---Hobbes (Revised) - March 17, 2008 Phil 104...

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March 17, 2008 Phil 104 secs 2-12 Hobbesian Egoism page 1 Hobbesian Egoism I background II materialism III people as mechanical systems a) sensation, thinking b) action c) equality d) natural laws about people IV “rights” and covenants: transfer of rights V Sovereignty VI Conclusion
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March 17, 2008 Phil 104 secs 2-12 Hobbesian Egoism page 2 I background Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) Divine Right theory questioned to figure out the nature of government: 1) consider what things would be like if there were no government = “state of nature” 2) seeing why, in the state of nature, it would make sense to institute government.
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March 17, 2008 Phil 104 secs 2-12 Hobbesian Egoism page 3 II Materialism Every existent is a body Everything happens in virtue of mechanically interacting bodies . III People as mechanical systems a) sensation, thinking are mechanical, physical processes b) action Actions are governed by physical principles. Organisms are physical systems that are drawn to certain sensations and driven away by others. Law of Nature: organisms strive to survive survival of individual organism, not the species, so not evolutionary Darwinism people are especially good at survival and dealing with the world because they can think:
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Ch.1 Axelrod---Hobbes (Revised) - March 17, 2008 Phil 104...

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