Locke 2 - April 9, 2008 Locke II Locke on Property page 1...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
April 9, 2008 Locke II Locke on Property page 1 outline: I importance of property II) individualist and collectivist notions of property III) Locke's account of property a) basic idea: your body is proper to you = your property b) Lockean acquisition: mixing labor, as long as there is enough for everyone c) generalization of Locke's idea IV) Legitimate Inequality: 1) inequality in property 2) entitlement versus desert Locke's concept of property starts with you owning yourself. (in virtue of God giving you jurisdiction over yourself. Modern versions of Locke’s account leave out God, and give you a natural prerogative to control your own bodily movements.) I Importance of the topic: Control of property is a central issue concerning social justice: property is an important part of power. That is, the more components of the outside world you control, the more you are able to exercise your will, do the things that you want to do. That is, the richer you are the more you are able to do, other things being equal. Wealth = power How the physical resources are allocated to individuals and groups is fundamental to who gets what, who dominates who, and who is able to protect themselves from threats. II) property in general: the idea that a person can acquire some stuff which is his or hers to dispose of and use: a) concept of property: two ways of thinking of rights and property: An INDIVIDUALIST holds that in addition to legal rights and socially-granted privileges, there are natural rights, human rights to property. Humans have rights to property independent of their society granting them rights. A society that does not observe and enforce natural property rights is a morally wrong society. A COLLECTIVIST holds that, with respect to property, at least, there are only social rights and legal rights. Collectivism denies that the individual has any property rights except insofar as those are constructed and granted by a society One way to think of the contrast: suppose your society required a certain kind of action from you: You have to speak well of the government, to practice only heterosexual sex, and to drive at less than 55 mph. You might be inclined to criticize government, to engage in homosexual activities, or to drive at faster than 55 mph. Which of these are rights?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
April 9, 2008 Locke II Locke on Property page 2 From the collectivist point of view, you do not naturally have rights to do anything that you want. You only have rights if they are bestowed by the society. So you have no right to resist, when the society legislates something distasteful, such as censorship, compulsory heterosexuality or the 55mph speed limit. An individual cannot be wrongly coerced by the society as a whole unless he or she is wrongly coerced according to the standards and dictates of the society. For an individualist, natural rights theorist, there is an important distinction between
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

Locke 2 - April 9, 2008 Locke II Locke on Property page 1...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online