COMM 1010 All Lecture Notes

COMM 1010 All Lecture Notes - COMM 1010 Lecture Notes...

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Unformatted text preview: COMM 1010 Lecture Notes Friday, January 25, 2008 Perception and Identity Perception Process: William Haney defines perception as, The process of making sense out of experiences. Stages of Perception: Selecting (Which behaviors to pay attention to and which behaviors to not) Organizing (Make up personal thoughts of the situation) Interpreting (You decide what that information means) Cognitive Constructs used in Organizing: Prototypes The most represented example of a perception category. EX: When someone says, mother, you start to think of the characteristics of a mother. Personal Construct Measures how well a person meets our expectations from the step above, Prototypes. Stereotypes Making predictive generalizations about an individual base on a group they belong to. Scripts A guide for action in a specific situation. Interpreting is about assuming meaning. Attribution The assignment of meanings to peoples behaviors. Attribution Errors: Not all attributions are accurate Fundamental Attribution Error An error we make when interpreting someones behavior, or when they screw up something that they did wrong. Self-Serving Bias When we perceive our own behavior. EX: When we fail, we will usually say, Its not our fault and then tend to blame it one someone/something else. Self Concept Self Concept is ones self-identity Formation of Self Concept o Self Perception o How others react and respond to us. Self-esteem is ones overall evaluation of ones competence and personal worthiness. COMM 1010 Lecture Notes Self & Communication Self Perceptions: o Moderate competing internal messages o Influence how we talk about ourselves with others Self and other perceptions are influenced by our understanding an enactment of rolls based on group, culture, or gender associations Perceptions of Others Uncertainty Reduction Theory The process of individuals use to monitor their social environment. Factors that influence this process: o Physical Characteristics o Social Behaviors o Stereotyping o Emotional States Improving Competence in Social Perception Process: Question the accuracy of your perceptions Seek more information to verify your perceptions Realize that perceptions of people may need to be changed over time Use perception checking to verify conclusions you have drawn over time COMM 1010 Lecture Notes Friday, February 1, 2008 Culture System of shared beliefs, values, custom, behaviors, and artifacts that the members of a society use to cope with one another and their world. Social Communities Groups of people who live within a dominant culture yet are also members of specific nondominant groups that have distinctive experiences and foster distinctive patters of communicating....
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COMM 1010 All Lecture Notes - COMM 1010 Lecture Notes...

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