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ch02Student: ___________________________________________________________________________1.Which of the following statements about theories is true? A. Theories change to incorporate new findings.B. Theories are based on certain assumptions.C. Theories and research are interwoven.D. All of these2.In the study of human development, a theory is a set of 3.A good theory develops _________, which can then be tested by research. 4.Tentative explanations or predictions that can be scientifically tested are called 5."If children learn aggression from models, then children who watch violent television shows should be more aggressive than children who watch nonviolent shows." This is an example of a A. theory.B. finding.C. hypothesis.D. conclusion.6.Which early philosopher described children as a tabularasaon which society writes? 7.If Bill's behavior is viewed as passive and reactive, he would be perceived as demonstrating the __________ model of behavior. 8.
If Troy's behavior is viewed as active and self-determining, he would be perceived as demonstrating the
__________ model of behavior.
9.Organismic theorists emphasize __________ change, while mechanistic theorists emphasize __________ change. A. quantitative; qualitativeB. behavioral; developmentalC. qualitative; quantitativeD. mechanistic; organismic10.The quantitative changes, such as documenting the number of words added to a child's vocabulary, support which theory? 11.Most of the early pioneers in psychology, such as Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, and Jean Piaget, favored the __________ perspective on human development, which views development as occurring in specific stages. 12.Psychoanalytic theory was developed by 13.Stacy's mother believes that most of Stacy's acting out lately has been caused by unconscious forces within her that motivate her behavior. Stacy's mother follows the ___________ perspective. A. humanistic.