chapter2[1] American Gov - American Government The...

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American Government - The Constitution British Legacy Limited Government Magna Carta Right to jury trial Cannot take life, liberty or property without a judgment of one’s peers Nobles must approve tax raises Petition of Rights (1628) Cannot jail political critics without a jury trial English Bill of Rights (1689) Parliament must approve taxes, no cruel and unusual punishment, etc. Representative Government Parliament Social Contract Theory Thomas Hobbes John Locke Early Life in the Colonies First Colony – Jamestown – 1607 By 1732 – all of the original 13 colonies exist – have colonial legislatures Seven Year (French & Indian War 1756-1763) Taxation to pay back war debt No manufacturing allowed in the colonies The Continental Congress First Continental Congress (9/4/74) As colonies participated (Georgia did not) Petitioned King George Boycott on British goods Each colony was to develop an army Second Continental Congress (1 st meeting 4/19/75) Hoped for a peaceful settlement Petitioned King George Wrote the Declaration of Independence Wrote the Articles of Confederation Thomas Paine Wrote Common Sense January of 1776 Mocked King George Contended that the colonies could survive without Britain Declaration of Independence Adopted by the 2 nd Continental Congress The ultimate “Dear John” letter Lists 27 complaints concerning England and the King
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Reflected Locke’s views on liberty Government by consent Limited government Right to revolution All colonies are now states and the United States has declared its independence from England The Articles of Confederation Our first Constitution and government Written in 1777 and ratified in 1781 Each state remained independent – retained their sovereignty All powers rested in Congress No executive or judicial branch No real powers of enforcement Allows the United State to be seen and treated as an individual nation
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