Test 1 - Cuneiform written language of the Sumerians probably the first written script in the world invented to keep track of commercial transactions

Test 1 - Cuneiform written language of the Sumerians...

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Cuneiformwritten language of the Sumerians, probably the first written script in the world; invented to keep track of commercial transactions and tax collectionshieroglyphicsAncient Egyptian written language; written on papyrusHammurabi's CodeSophisticated law code associated with the Babylonian king Hammurabi; most extensive and most complete Mesopotamian law code; established high standards of behavior and stern punishments for violators; written in cuneiformMosesEmbraced monotheism and taught that there was only one godKingdom of IsraelSplit into northern Israel and southern Judah after the death of King Solomon; Northern Kingdom then conquered by Assyrians; religion is how they kept their identity when their land was taken awayNubiaArea south of Egypt in the Nile River Valley; the kingdom of Kush in Nubia invaded and dominated Egypt from 750 to 664 BCE; often traded and interacted with EgyptAssyriaknown for a powerful army and a well-structured state; change in warfare - use of cavalry; had 2 capitals at Assur and Nineveh
HarappaIndian civilization located in the Indus River Valley; not much is known from this time, only have a few writings; domestic and international trade, city laid out on bricks, bronze; civilization begins to disappear, can only guess as to why, could have become uninhabitable (desertification?)SumerAncient foundational society/first civilization; located in the southern half of Mesopotamia; city-statesIndus River Valleymade agricultural society possible in northern India, world's first domesticated chickensAryansIndo-European migrants who settled in India after Harappa disappeared; their union with indigenous Dravidians formed the basis of Hinduism; nomadic, no written language, oral histories finally written down in 400 CE; mingled with Dravidian people and became Vedic India; introduced the caste systemahimsaJain term for the principle of nonviolence to other living things or their soulsAkhenatenEgyptian pharaoh who rejected the old gods and claimed there was only one god, Aten, who was associated with the sunOsiris
Ancient Egyptian god that represented the forces of nature; judge of the afterlife and god of the underworldNew Kingdomtime period in Egyptian history that had a prosperous and productive society; extended Egyptian authority well beyond the Nile valley and the delta; King TutZhou dynastyChinese dynasty that was the foundation of Chinese thought formed during this period: Confucianism, Daoism, Zhou Classics; displaced the Shang Dynasty; justified this deposition with the Mandate of Heaven; decentralized government; left substantial written records; iron metallurgyMandate of HeavenChinese belief that the emperors ruled through the mandate, or approval, of heaven contingent on their ability to look after the welfare of the population; justified the Zhou Dynasty's deposition of the Shang Dynasty; ruler is a link between heaven and earthConfuciuswrote in the Zhou dynasty; the first Chinese thinker who

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