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President - Presidential Powers Week 8-9 October 23,2007 I...

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Presidential Powers Week 8-9 October 23,2007 I. THE FORMAL AND INFORMAL POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT FORMAL: Presidential power is formally derived from the Constitution’s Article II- The Executive Article. CHIEF OF STATE : (At home responsibilities) The power to grant Pardons and Reprieves. - The President may Pardon - Anyone for any reason. This act clears a person’s criminal record Notable Pardons: President Gerald Ford’s pardon of President Nixon’s spying and bribery charges. President Clinton’s pardon of his brother’s cocaine possession w/ intent to distribute charges President Bush is expected to Pardon Scooter Libby for obstructing justice and lying to a federal council. - The President represents the nation by expressing aspirations and values held by Americans. - In times of Crisis, his role is to reassure the public. - In times of Sadness, the president’s role is to provide continuity and direction towards progress. * He Sets priorities for the nation particularly through : The State of the Union address The Budget he recommends – The programs he recommends funds to, symbolize his priorities.
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- He is held responsible for Maintaining a healthy economy and for seeking ways to improve the economy. This is why he holds a very close relationship with the Chairmen of the Federal Reserve. EXAMPLE: We saw President Bush valiantly step up after 9/11. FDR had the task of reassuring the public during the great depression. Then he had to reassure us after we were attacked by the Japanese at Peal Harbor - which took us into World War II. *One of FDR’S speeches are engraved in History: The only thing we have to fear is fear its self. *John F. Kennedy Inaugural Address: Ask not what the country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country. *George W. Bush, though there are more bloopers and blunders are quoted than there are profound statements. After the 911 Attacks : Tonight we are a country awakened to danger and called to defend freedom. Our grief has turned to anger, and anger to resolution. Whether we bring our enemies to justice, or bring justice to our enemies, justice will be done. CHIEF EXECUTIVE : The President is expected to manage the massive Bureaucracy . He chooses and appoints all Cabinet Secretaries which are the Department Heads of such organizations like (ie: DOL, DOJ, DOD, DOE, Dept of ED etc..) He has the responsibility to appoint competent Professionals to head these departments. Although at times these appointments are purely gestures to return a favor.
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