History 1807 - Week 3 .docx - WEE K History 1807...

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DefinitionsStrait of Malacca:the shortest path between China, India, Africa, and beyond(narrow stretch of water that serves as the main shipping channel between theIndian and Pacific Ocean)Feudum:a Medieval Latin term that refers to a landed estateSpread of trade-1300 – 1550 Cincreased contact between Africa, Asia, and Europe-Shared political and religious ideas (not just trade)-The movement of ideas, goods, and people reshaped many elements ofscience and culture-Water and land routes such as the Silk Road and the Trans-Saharan networkwere established-Key EmpiresOttoman, Songhai, Ming Dynasty, MughalsPower Points in Asia-580 – 900 CEChina faces the Mongol Empire (Islam religion spreadsrapidly)-India gaining power reaching into Southeast Asia (Hinduism and Buddhismspreading)-800 CEKhmer Empire in Cambodia is a regional factor-650 CEKorean empire gaining coherence-700 CEsome regionalized structure in Japan (Buddhist gains, “Warrior”Japan)Economic Revolution in china-700 – 1200 CE-Gains in productivity support population growth (biggest population in theworld)-Agricultural gains (ex: better techniques, more crops, sales of surplus)-More crop sales led to more commerce, wholesaling, and work in transport-More efficient modes were developed (ex: 1120’sfirst paper money wasissued)History 1807WEEK
-More technology and business (ex: joint stock firms) led to more internationallinks-Trade spreads from Korea and Japan to southeast Asia, India, Africa, andEurope-Shifted focus to maritime (ex: better designed junks, developed the compass)Economic gains in japan-1180 – 1333 CE-Kamakura Periodtrade continues with China-Along with more coinage, the wider use of “bills of credit” is introduced-Some individuals spent beyond their means for socio-cultural purposes (ex:samurai in debt)-Kamakura shoguns bring in land reform and seek agricultural gains-Introduced better strains of rice from China, more double-cropping andfertilizing, iron tools-In urban settings, trade guilds were established for crafts workers andmerchants to aid in the quality of production-Improved road networks helped tradeEurasian Steppe-Vast stretch from Ukraine to Mongolia-Traditional lifestyle focused on nomadic herding (grasslands to maintainsheep, goats, horses)-Cavalry dominates (prior to gunpowder)-Xiongu raids compelled China to construct the Great Wall-Eastern Steppes had Chinese influences-Western Steppes had Iranian-European influencesThe mongol Empire-1162 CEleadership of Temujin changed their name to Chinggis(“boundless”) after success-1206 CEChinggis proclaimed “Great Khan” (had an army of 95,000)-

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Term
Fall
Professor
jeffreyvacante

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