Full_Report - Report No. 34631-UA UKRAINE: POVERTY...

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Report No. 34631-UA UKRAINE: POVERTY ASSESSMENT Poverty and Inequality in a Growing Economy December 2005 Europe and Central Asia Region Human Development Sector Unit Document of the World Bank
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Currency Exchange Rates Exchange Rate Effective = December 13, 2005 Currency Unit: Ukrainian Hryvnia US$ 1 = UAH 5.03 Weight and Measures Metric System FISCAL YEAR January 1 to December 31 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ALMP Active Labor Market Programs IMF International Monetary Fund BSM Budget of Subsistence Minimum IMR Infant Mortality Rate BYR Belarusian Ruble IVD Intravenous Drugs CAE Consumption per Adult Equivalent LFPR Labor Force Participation Rate CBN Cost of Basic Needs MCB Minimum Consumption Budget CEE Central and Eastern Europe MDG Millennium Development Goal CHD Cardiovascular Heart Disease ME Ministry of Economy CIS Commonwealth of Independent States MLSP Ministry of Labor and Social Protection CPI Consumer Price Index MoSA Ministry of Statistics and Analysis CVD Cardiovascular Diseases NBB National Bank of Belarus EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development NIS New Independent States ECA Europe and Central Asia Region OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development FSU Former Soviet Union PAYG Pay-as-you-go GDP Gross Domestic Product SP Social Protection GIC Growth Incidence Curves TB Tuberculosis GMI Guaranteed Minimum Income TSA Targeted Social Assistance GOB Government of Belarus UNICEF United Nation's Children Fund HIES Household Income and Expenditure Survey WB World Bank ILO International Labor Organization WHO World Health Organization Vice President : Shigeo Katsu Country Director : Paul Bermingham Sector Director : Charles Griffin Sector Manager : Arup Banerji Task Team Leader : Edmundo Murrugarra
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ii Table of Content Executive Summary . ..................................................................................................................... vii Chapter I: Profile and Dynamics of Poverty and Inequality. ........................................................... 1 Chapter II: Growth, Employment and Regional Dynamics. .......................................................... 15 Chapter III: Rural Poverty, Land Reform, and Productivity . ........................................................ 34 Chapter IV: Public and Private Social Safety Nets . ...................................................................... 44 Chapter V: Ensuring a Sustainable Poverty Reduction Process. ................................................... 53 References . .................................................................................................................................... 57 Annex 1. Poverty and Inequality. .................................................................................................. 61 Annex 2. Income Distribution. ...................................................................................................... 63 Annex 3. Determinants of Household Consumption. .................................................................... 67 Annex 4. Labor Force Indicators and methodology. ..................................................................... 74 Annex 5. Determinants of labor force participation, unemployment and underemployment . ...... 82
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iii List of Tables Table 1: Ukraine Real GDP Growth . ............................................................................................. xi Table 2: Aggregate job flows, Ukraine and comparators. ............................................................ xiii Table 1.1: Ukraine Cost of the subsistence minimum basket and the 2,508-calorie basket in 20023 Table 1.2: Ukraine Poverty Headcount and Poverty Gap, 2003. ..................................................... 4 Table 1.3: ECA Poverty Headcount Rates . ..................................................................................... 5 Table 1.4: Ukraine Inequality measures, 2003 (all in per capita terms. .......................................... 7 Table 2.1: Ukraine Real GDP Growth (percentage change) . ........................................................ 15 Table 2.2: Employment by economic sector (%), rural and urban areas. ...................................... 20 Table 2.3: Aggregate Job flows (rates) and persistence in Ukrainian industry. ............................ 27 Table 2.4: Aggregate job flows, Ukraine and comparators. .......................................................... 27 Table 2.5: Manufacturing sectors classified by gross job allocation, employment growth and share of total industry employment.
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Full_Report - Report No. 34631-UA UKRAINE: POVERTY...

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