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Introductory ParagraphPender’s promotion model is distinct from other theories because it aims at improving an individual'swell-being to attain positive health outcomes such as good health and improved productivity. The healthpromotion model focuses on individual attributes and occurrences, behavioural specific perceptions andhabitual consequences. Personal factors are grouped into biological, psychological and social-culturalshaped by target behaviour under consideration. The perceived benefits of an action are the forecastedoutcome that results from practising health behaviour. Perceived barriers are the hindrances ofunderstanding behaviour, and self-efficacy is the ability of an individual to establish a health-promotingbehaviour. When perceived self-efficacy increases, it prevents perception barriers to the performance ofthe behaviour. Activity related effect is positive or negative influences on behaviour and is positivelyrelated to self-efficacy. Interpersonal influences focus on behaviours and people‘s beliefs; they comprisenorms, social support and modelling. Interpersonal influences originate from friends, family andhealthcare providers. Situational influences are a perception that can hinder or facilitate behaviour. Thesituational influences can be a view on available options and environmental factors of the surroundingthat health promotion is meat to take place. Finally, the behavioural outcome has a strategy thatpromotes the implementation of an established plan of promoting health. Pender's theory can bedescribed from a general overview like its scope, and there is a rationale for selecting the theory forimplementation in a specific setting; the implementation plan follows various steps subject to barriersand challenges which can be solved.Theory DescriptionNola Pender developed Pender's health promotion model to believe that the goal of nursing care was tohelp patients achieve optimal health care. Pander's theory aims to stimulate a change in behaviour thatwill generate positive health outcomes. The model says that an individual's attributes and experiencesinfluence their decisions regarding their health. Pender’s promotion model concentrates on; individualattributes and occurrences, behavioural specific perceptions and habitual consequences. Pender's

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Term
Fall
Professor
FOUDY

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