9.9 Opium War and Qing Trade - Tues The Qing Dynasty...

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Tues, 9/9/14The Qing Dynasty matters todayoChina is an multi-ethnic nationoOngoing disputes over sovereignty of Tibet and Xinjiang all derive from the fact that the ROC and PRC claimed the modern Chinese nation should inherit ALL of Qing territoryoQing/Manchu’s manner of ruling territories was different than how Han-dominated modern Chinese governments have governed themQing ruled each group according to each people’s customary practices andtried to shield each group from domination by other groups (especially the Han)oIn Tibet, CCP insists on the Golden Urn in being involved in choosing of the Dalai LamaTAIWAN1620s-1650s Dutch and Spanish build settlements1650s-80s Taiwan controlled by Zheng Chenggong and Ming LoyalistsoNot under any control until the Qing dynasty17000s-1860s the ethnic group in Taiwan were called Austronesians (related to Southerst Asians) had conflicts between Han settlersoThey are different than Chinese – different language, look different, etc.oHan were only able to settle on the West Coast, did not spread past the mountains to the other side1885 Taiwan becomes a province (attempt at modernization)1895 Taiwan became a colony of JapanQING FOREIGN RELATIONSTributary system managed by the Board of Ties and used in diplomacy in many kingdoms (ex. Japan, Ryukyus, Korea)Lifanyuan handles relations w/ Mondols, Turkic peoples and RussiaoTreaty of Nerchinsk (1689) fully equal treaty (*Qing were able to make treaties that recognized equality)Europeans are handled through the Board of RitesoTributary system until mid-1800s

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