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Midterm 1 Study Questions

Midterm 1 Study Questions - Midterm study questions focus...

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Midterm study questions – focus on biological and medical issues • These questions cover material from lectures, the text, and the reader. • Questions on the exam will draw on this material, but will not be worded in the same way. • The questions on the exam will be multi-part, so be sure to read them carefully and answer all parts. • Think about questions that were raised in lectures. • Be mindful that exam questions are of several types: knowledge-based, understanding and application of knowledge, and critical analysis (comparison, synthesis, interpretation of knowledge). General overview: -What do HIV and AIDS stand for? Are they equivalent terms? Explain why or why not. -In what part of the world do most HIV-infected individuals live? What are the major ways in which HIV is transmitted in that part of the world? -Discuss whether this statement is true and explain your answer: Most new HIV infections are in men. -Which areas of California have had the most AIDS cases to date? What are two reasons our knowledge about the number of HIV-positive people living in California is more limited than our knowledge about those in California who have and have had AIDS? -What are the general stages in the progression of untreated HIV infection to AIDS, in terms of symptoms that might be experience by the infected person? How does the immune system function during these different stages? How does treatment with anti-retroviral drugs alter the progression of infected individuals through these stages? -Did HIV begin to infect people in 1981? Did the disease we now call AIDS first occur in 1981? Explain your answers. -Who were the first groups of people recognized as being afflicted with a new disease that we now call AIDS? When did this happen? How did this process of discovery of affected groups relate to the stigma of having AIDS that was especially prevalent in the early years of the epidemic, but is still with us? Which affected groups have tended to elicit sympathy and to help break through the stigma of having AIDS? Why? (Reader articles will help you answer these questions; these issues will be discussed further later during the course.) Infectious disease: -What is the germ theory of infectious disease? -What are the major types of organisms (agents) that cause infectious disease in humans? What are basic, defining characteristics of each type of organism? Give two specific examples for each type. -What diseases were the top causes of death by infectious disease in the world in 2002? What types of organisms caused these diseases? Why do some of these organisms cause death in large numbers of people despite the fact that effective vaccines exist? Link socio-economic with biological and medical factors in your reasons.
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-What is an endemic disease? Under what situations can an endemic disease initiate an epidemic? Discuss an example presented in lecture or in the text. -What is an epidemic? a pandemic? Give examples of each. Name an epidemic that affected
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Midterm 1 Study Questions - Midterm study questions focus...

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