09Congress - American Government Lecture 09 Congress...

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American Government Lecture 09 - Congress
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Announcements Exams are graded A few make-ups remain Grades posted on Thursday Can pick up exam before/after class on Thursday No reading assignment for Thursday
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Extra Credit Assignment 12 - 15 page paper on a political issue Hopefully of personal interest Examples: Abortion War in Iraq Tuition Increases at RU Gun Control Terrorism Policy Parking at RU Health Care Use of Torture Football at RU Education Global Warming RU Monorail
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Extra Credit Assignment: Questions to answer What is the issue about? Importance? Current details of issue? History When did this first get talked about? What has been done in the past? What are the proposed solutions? On Both Sides Who is advocating what? What is your opinion? As your conclusion
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Congress Combination of Design and Convention Constitutionally designed, but run through conventions Article I creates Legislative Branch Designed to be the most powerful branch Designed to be the most representative Power best placed in the hands of the people Most feared of the branches at the beginning President was effectively checked • No money, no army, not given much power • President could refuse to act, but could legislature overpower? Judiciary was effectively checked • No money, no power, no enforcement • Judiciary could rule against, but who would enforce? Congress given “reigns of power” • Original major outside check was by elections • Relies primarily on internal checks
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Powers - Article I, Section 8 Raise money (taxes) Borrow money Coin money Make penalties for counterfeiting money Regulate commerce (Commerce Clause) Make Naturalization and Bankruptcy Laws Establish Post Offices and Post Roads Promote science and arts via patents/copyrights Create courts lower than the Supreme Court Declare War Raise armies, but for no longer than 2 years Raise a navy Make rules for governing armies and navies Call forth militia to execute laws, suppress rebellions and invasions Provide for training and equipping of militias Make all laws for Washington DC Make all laws Necessary and Proper to carry out the above
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Structure Two Chambers Great Compromise • House of Representatives • Senate English Origins House of Commons House of Lords Use of Powers Requires strict procedures within Chambers • Major internal check Requires agreement between Chambers • Another major Internal check Designed to be slow and deliberative
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House of Representatives - Lower Chamber 435 Members Each elected from a single district Each State given members based on population • Use to grow with population House is “reapportioned” every 10 years Requirements 25 years old Citizen for 7 years 2 year term Unlimited terms Always on campaign
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09Congress - American Government Lecture 09 Congress...

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