12President - American Government Lecture 12 The President...

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American Government Lecture 12 - The President and the Executive Branch
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Announcements Reading for Thursday is posted In “Presidency” folder WarPowers.pdf
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The Presidency Created in Article II of Constitution Designed to provide leadership and action Designed as a “go to” person in crisis Founders had no idea how to do this Article II is very vague Didn’t want President ruled by Congress Didn’t want President run by people Didn’t know which powers were necessary
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Solution #1: George Washington Washington Leader of the Armies during revolution Renounced Monarchy earlier Universally admired Adored by Americans Respected by foreign nations Expected to “Figure it out” Establish a precedent on how to act Others would have to follow his example Is largely what happens Washington does what he sees fit Others have followed his lead
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Solution #2: Elections Independence of President Not selected by Congress Not selected by the People By “Electoral College” elected by State Legislatures Tie broken in House of Representatives Electoral College “Electors” elected to elect President • Expected to be wiser than population – But also independent of Congress Originally elected by State Legislatures Currently elected by voters “Electors” elect President • Originally the top two vote receivers became Pres-VP – Adams-Jefferson ended that Cast one vote for President Cast one vote for Vice President
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Solution #3: Constitutional Powers Enumerated Powers are few Commander in Chief of military • “Power of the Sword” Execute Congress’s Laws Chief Clerk Expandable, but not discretionary Delegated Powers President only does what Congress says Congress decides what to do (passes legislation) • Delegate to President • President Does As Congress gives him powers, Delegated powers grow
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Qualifications Citizenship Must be a natural-born US citizen Age Must be at least 35 years old Residency Must have lived in the US for 14 years Limitations Can only serve 2 terms Amendment XXII (1951)
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Two Roles of President Head of State President as Figurehead for the nation Deals with all foreign relations Elsewhere called “President” Head of Government President as Domestic leader of government Deals with domestic issues Elsewhere called “Prime Minister”
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Head of State - Foreign Relations Powers Article II, Section 2 Military Power Diplomatic Power Military Commander in chief of military Even in Peacetime, President can move troops Requires Congress to declare war Once declared, President has “blank check” President has power to declare peace Diplomatic Powers Power to receive ambassadors • Ability to recognize a nation as existing Power to negotiate treaties • Require 2/3 of Senate to ratify
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course POLISCI 104 taught by Professor Andersen during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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12President - American Government Lecture 12 The President...

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