18Parties - American Government Lecture 18 Political...

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American Government Lecture 18 - Political Parties
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Announcements Thursday - Exam II Email me any questions or see me after class
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Three Main Topics What are they? What do they do? How do they operate? Why are their only two? Who is involved? How do they function? Where do they come from? How do they form? What’s their history?
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Political Parties What are they? Organizations that seek to influence government by electing their members to important government offices What do they do? Recruit Candidates Nominate Candidates Get Out the Vote (GOTV) Facilitate Mass Electoral Choice Influencing National Government
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Recruiting Candidates Membership Parties first recruit supporters People who agree with party ideals Members provide votes and donations Provide the two things that keep parties alive Candidacy Key members are selected to run for office Uphold party ideals – Support party issues Upstanding citizens Can finance their own campaign Thousands of candidates needed every year National, state and local offices
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Nominating Candidates Higher offices may have competition Multiple candidates for office from party Party needs to select a single candidate Conventions Caucuses of selected party members Go through rounds of voting to select candidate Typically produces “compromise candidates” Primaries Elections by all party members A single winner-take-all vote Usually have very poor turnout
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Get Out the Vote Parties mobilize voters Once candidates are selected, recruit votes Rally party members Register new voters Educate voters of candidate qualities Facilitate voting Attempt to only mobilize party supporters May also demobilize opponents voters Decrease motivation to vote for opponent Increase “costs” of voting for opponent
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Facilitating Mass Electoral Choice Most people don’t pay attention to politics Little idea of what is happening Even less idea of good solutions
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18Parties - American Government Lecture 18 Political...

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