Exam 3 SG

Exam 3 SG - EXAM #3 SG CH. 9 KNOWLEDGE o PROCEDURAL o Know...

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EXAM #3 SG CH. 9 KNOWLEDGE o PROCEDURAL Know how o DECLARATIVE Knowledge of the validity of declarative sentences o EXAMPLE Bathtub RECOGNITION VS RECALL ASSOCIATIONIST APPROACH o There are functional relationships between psychological phenomena o o PAIRED ASSOCIATIONS o MEDIATORS USING LINK USING IMAGERY BOWER’S MODEL o Used organizational factors o Attempted to demonstrate influence of structural organization on free recall o demonstrated o Looked @ potential influence on recall of organizational variables Constructed several conceptual hierarchies o connected to other associations, and so on o CONCEPTUAL HIERARCHY Example of conceptual hierarchy of the word “mineral” Minerals Metals         Stones
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Rare    Common   Alloys      Precious       Masonry Platinum             Aluminum          Bronze        Sapphire          Limestone Silver             Copper                Steel           Emerald         Granite Gold               Lead                  Brass          Diamond        Marble                Iron           Ruby              Slate COGNITIVE MODELS o SET-THEORETICAL MODEL  Meyer Concepts are represented in memory as sets or collections of information Set can include instances of a category i.e: “bird” can include robins, wrens, eagles, etc Also can include attributes/properties i.e: “bird” can include wings, feathers, flight UNIVERSAL AFFIRMATIVE (UA) All members of one category are included in another category Represented as “all S are P” o i.e.: all canaries are birds PARTICULAR AFFIRMATIVE (PA) Only a portion of the members of one category make up the member of another category Represented as “some S are P” o Some animals are birds Validity of the statements is determined by the set relationships of the semantic categories The set relationships/commonalities are gauged by the # of exemplars the 2 propositions share o SEMANTIC FEATURE COMPARISON Smith, Shoben, and Rips (1973-4) Attempt to resolve inconsistent predictions of the other models
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSC 100 taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '06 term at UC Davis.

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Exam 3 SG - EXAM #3 SG CH. 9 KNOWLEDGE o PROCEDURAL o Know...

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