Religion Notes

Religion Notes - Judaisms in the 1 st century ce 1....

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Unformatted text preview: Judaisms in the 1 st century ce 1. Pharisees o Concerned with Torah First 5 Books of the Hebrew Bible o Build a “FENCE” around the Torah of ‘Oral Traditions’ o More-so in leadership roles o NOT open to new ideas 2. Saducees o Purity through the TEMPLE o More conservative o The ‘lower strata’ o Open to new ideas 3. Zealots o Rebels/Revolutionaries o Maintained purity through POLITICAL means “The SOLE rule of God” o Trying to throw off roman rule so that God can rule 4. Essenes o Maintained purity through ISOLATING themselves Main group found at QUMRAN Dead Sea Scrolls found there 5. Apocalypticists o The world is coming to an END Cataclysmic CRASH b/w Good and Evil GOD will WIN Origin of apocalyptic thought God will restore Israel, it will be the Nation of Nations 6. Christian Messianists o Later become known as CHRISTIANS o See “the messiah” preach his TEACHINGS ← Christianity in the 1 st century - • Same set of scriptures • People ARGUING about different interpretations ← Earliest Document written • Around 50’s ← Earliest Gospel Written • Around 60’s 2 Clement 17/01/2008 11:12:00 ← Who is Clement? • 3 rd Bishop of Rome, but probably NOT the author of 2 Clement ← ← Gnosticism – • Characteristics o A special knowledge of the truth = salvation o Dualism (good/evil) o Creation through a demiurge o Denial of a personal God & human free will Fate controls EVERYTHING o Asceticism – denying ALL human pleasures o Syncretistic – bringing all kinds f stuff together under one heading ← ← II. Structure of this document:- Theological Foundation • Opening is a Functional Statement (What Christ does) • Hymn • Scripture Quotation- Ethical Exhortation (given this scripture, what are we supposed to do?) • Judgement is coming- Concluding Remarks • Written almost by someone else (Brothers & Sisters) III. Theology • Christology o Jesus & God are functional equivalents; Jesus seems to be God’s agent of salvation “The Lord who saved us”; Jesus Christ “a spirit who became flesh” • Soteriology (doctrine of Salvation) • Ecclesiology o The church has ALWAYS existed o Connection to body of Christ o Summary: High view of church • Eschatology o Physical resurrection followed by… o Judgement by jesus o Judgement is near o So, be virtuous • Significance o 1 st Christian Homily; foundation of message is Christ o Quotation of Authorities Gospel (Luke & Thomas) o Worship Service o View of Scripture o Anti-Gnostic? Apology & Martyrdom in the Early Church 17/01/2008 11:12:00 ← Why Persecution?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course REL 1350 taught by Professor Holleyman during the Spring '07 term at Baylor.

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Religion Notes - Judaisms in the 1 st century ce 1....

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