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anth 101 midterm 2 review

anth 101 midterm 2 review - Primates Primate Behaviour...

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Primates Primate Behaviour Non-human primates o What can we learn from them? o Why do we study them? Homology Analogy Humans are primates too o What is the Linnaean classification of humans? An Arboreal Lifestyle Limbs and Locomotion o Retention of 5 digits in hands, feet o Flexible hands and feet o Tendency toward upper body erectness o Clavicle Teeth and Diet o Generalized dental pattern o Lack of specialization in the diet (omnivory) Senses and the Brain o Reduction of snout (reduced dependence on smell) o Expansion and increased complexity of the brain o Increased reliance on vision Stereoscopic vision/Depth perception (eyes in front of head) Colour vision Behaviour o Longer periods of gestation o Longer life spans o More learned behaviour o Adult males often associate long term with their maternal group Who are the primates? Smart animals o Brains are relatively larger than other animals Social groups o what are the different kinds of social groups (monogamous; multiple male, single female, etc…) o how do the different kinds of social groups correlate with physical sexual dimorphism in a species? Social Behaviour o Dominance o Learned Behaviours o Grooming o Bonding Kelsey Hanrahan 12/05/2009 1
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Consortships Mother-infant o Reproductive behaviour Tied to the female oestrous (estrous) cycle K-selected reproductive strategy Recognize individuals Complex forms of communication o Intentional communication Vocalization facial expressions Threat gestures Submission, Reassurance Displays Human language Arbitrary and symbolic Conditional tense Sign language and apes o Unintentional communication Posture, hair bristling, blushing Different kinds of Primates Prosimians Anthropoids o Platyrrhines /
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