023315d[1] - GLOBALIZATION Representations of gender are...

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GLOBALIZATION Representations of gender are portrayed as essential norms in today’s culture, creating standardized myths and sexism within society through the media. The normative portrayals of gender in society consist of stereotypical roles and images that are created through media devices such as, film, television, popular fiction, music and advertisements. The term "globalization" stirs up considerable heated debate (imf.org). Some view it as a method that is beneficial and a key to future world economic development and feel that it is also inevitable and irreversible (imf.org). Others regard globalization with hostility, even fear, asserting that it increases inequality within and between nations, threatens employment and living standards and thwarts social progress (imf.org). This paper offers overview of some aspects of globalization and aims to identify ways in which globalization can actually assist as opposed to hinder struggling, under developed countries (imf.org). Additionally, this paper explores some of the issues in the open debate on globalization among international organizations, governmental institutions and the academic world in terms of its affects politically, economically, environmentally and socially (globalization.com). There is little doubt that globalization offers expansive opportunities for truly worldwide development but these opportunities are not advancing evenly (imf.org). Some countries are becoming integrated into the global economy more quickly than I
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are others (imf.org). Countries that have been able to integrate are seeing expeditious growth and reduced poverty while those that have not integrated are suffering ill affects (imf.org). For example, in the 1970s and 1980s when many countries in Latin America followed inward-oriented policies, their economies stagnated or declined, poverty increased and high inflation became the norm (imf.org). As this region changed its policies toward more global ones, their situation began to improve (imf.org). Similar transformations need to be undertaken in other countries especially failing ones (imf.org). Encouraging the global trend, not reversing it, is the best and quickest course for promoting growth, development and poverty reduction (imf.org). Internet globalization offers greater opportunity for people to tap into more and larger markets around the world (imf.org). It means that they can have access to more capital flows, technology, as well as cheaper and larger import and export markets (imf.org). However, the mere presence of this marketplace does not necessarily ensure that the benefits of increased efficiency will be shared by all (imf.org). Countries must be prepared to embrace the policies needed, and in the case of the poorest countries, they may need the support of the international community as they do so (imf.org). The very essence of the word ‘globalization’ entails that world trade and
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Fall '03 term at Cal. Lutheran.

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023315d[1] - GLOBALIZATION Representations of gender are...

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