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SOC MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE o What is Sociology? Systematic study of human social interaction Enables us to see how groups/society in which we belong largely form behavior Society o Large grouping of people that occupy particular geographical territory o o Why study sociology? Helps us as individuals move beyond dominant ways of thinking Provides us w/ a better understanding of how our own behavior & belief systems function w/in the larger social world Newly gained insights encourage new levels of understanding & tolerance that extend beyond Also produce new approaches to social interactions o o Functionalist Perspective Society is composed of interrelated parts that work together to maintain stability w/in society Institutions (family, school, etc) in society are developed & persist cuz they serve a function & contribute to the overall stability of society o Conflict perspective Society is characterized by social inequality Social life is a struggle for scarce resources Social arrangements benefit some groups @ the expense of others Assume that society is continuous power struggle amongst competing groups Often based on class, race, ethnicity, or gender o Symbolic interactionist perspective Behavior is learned in interaction w/ other people How people define a situation becomes the foundation for how they behave Focuses on how people make sense of their everyday social interactions Looks @ how meanings emerge through such interactions o Macrolevel analysis o Microlevel analysis Symbolic interactionist approaches are based on this level
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o Quantitative research Sociological research that is conducted primarily w/ numerical data Utilizes goal of scientific objectivity o Qualitative research Sociological research methods that use interpretive description rather than numerical data Data are primarily collected in a field or naturalistic setting by observation or in-depth interview o Survey research Study where collection of data is usually in the form of questionnaires/interviews Current population surveys (CPS) Public opinion polls (gallup) Marketing surveys o Secondary analysis Analysis of already existing data that were originally collected by others Public records Official reports Radio TV Surveys by other researchers Books Newspapers Personal documents o Field research Study where collection of data is performed in a natural setting 2 main methods
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Mindyromero during the Fall '06 term at UC Davis.

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