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Final Study Guide


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FINAL STUDY GUIDE GENDER & FAMILY o SEPARATE SPHERES The idea that men & women have mutually exclusive social roles Based on innate differences Division is marked by distinctions such as home/work & private/public HISTORY Pre-industrial revolution o Work not distinct from home o Men & women had primary responsibilities for different tasks A lot of crossing over o Valued for their contributions to both work & home Post-industrial revolution o Work removed from home o Paid work/public life became associated w/ men o Unpaid work @ home/private life became associated w/ women o Men/work/public life = more social value than women/home/private life WHO BENEFITS? Women take care of men in addition to children Unpaid work women do @ home benefits men in the workplace Men make more $$ o Due to belief that they are breadwinners Women paid less $$ o Paid work is assumed to be supplementary to men’s Women become economically dependent on men, reinforcing gender roles SELF-FULFILLING PROPHESY FOR FEMALE PARENTING Women are assumed to be better at parenting Given the responsibility so become better @ it through practice Assumption is verified & therefore perpetuates EDUCATION o FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE ON EDUCATION MANIFEST & LATENT FUNCTIONS Both serve the needs of society Manifest o Stated & intended goals of consequences of activities w/in the institution o Including: Transmission of knowledge & skills Socialization Transmission of culture Social control Social placement/gate-keeping
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Change & innovation Latent o Hidden & sometimes unintended consequences of activities w/in the institution o Including: o Restriction of certain activities o Matchmaking & production of social networks o Creation of a generation gap/youth subculture o DYSFUNCTIONS Rising tide of mediocrity Decline in test scores Grade inflation Social promotion Functional illiteracy o PROBLEMS Unequal funding of schools School violence Segregation Reproduction of inequality o CONFLICT PERSPECTVE ON EDUCATION Instrument of elite domination Serves to reinforce & reproduce existing social class in equalities Discourage alternative forms of society Education is tool for domination Perpetuates social class inequality o HIDDEN CURRICULUM Transmission of cultural values & attitudes Conformity & obedience to authority Through implied demands found in the rules, routines, and regulations of schools Students are taught assigned or expected future roles in society How we learn cultural values Rewarded for success, punished for failure o CREDENTIALISM Process of social selection Class advantage & social status are linked to the possession of academic qualifications Related to idea of professionalization o CULTURAL CAPITAL By Pierre Bourdieu Refers to people’s social assets
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