Final Exam Study Guide - Human Development Final Study...

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Human Development Final Study Guide Role of Nurses (1): Educator: nurses at schools/home visit discussing the dangers of smoking to client Care Manager: cares for patients/not cures Consultant: expertise giving help to other nurses to provide help to patient Advocate: speak up for a patient Deliverer of services: knowledge of meds Healer: helps in healing process Researcher: have evidence for patient’s questions Levels of Prevention (3): Primary: health promotion and prevention (flu shots, counseling) Secondary: early diagnosis, treatment, disability limitations (screening, cure process, prevent further complications/mammograms) Tertiary: rehabilitation and restoration (rehab, therapy, disability is irreversible/physical therapy after a vehicle accident) Gordon’s Health Patterns (1): framework to assess individuals, families, and communities (11) Health perception/Health management pattern: community health status and health promotion/disease prevention Nutritional metabolic pattern: accessing availability of food stores and subsidized food programs Elimination pattern: pollutants (air quality, humidity, bacteria, virus) Activity exercise pattern: recreational options Sleep rest pattern: communities rhythm of sleeping, resting, relaxing Cognitive perceptual pattern: problem solving and decision making Self perception/self conception pattern: self-worth/self-identity; housing conditions, cleanliness, crime rates, school systems Role relationships pattern: formal/informal relationships affecting community Sexuality reproductive pattern: reproductive data
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Coping stress tolerance pattern: ability to cope or adapt Values beliefs pattern: family values, beliefs, goals Family Health (1): Patterns of living among individuals in family that are influenced by individual behaviors and responses, unique culture/value system/history; identify family and non-family, control information flow Community Health (1): Focuses on particular age groups within the community, used to plan health promotion for groups, community age-related risk factors (adolescent single mothers and childhood accidents) Neonate (1): Time frame of neonatal period: birth to first 28 days APGAR scoring It evaluates the neonate’s physical status at one and five minutes after birth. It measures: respirations, heart rate, muscle tone, reflex activities, and color—max score for each measurement is 2; less than 7 overall means the neonate is having difficulty adapting and needs closer observations and/or life saving interventions Vital Signs Weight: female = 7.5 pounds, male = 7.7 pounds Length: female = 20.9, male = 21.3 Head circumference: occipital frontal circumference, 13.4-14 inches Chest circumference: measured at nipple line, about ¾ -1 inch less than head
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  • Spring '15
  • Chia
  • Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, Erik Erikson, Community Health Status, Role relationships pattern, perception/Health management pattern

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