MIDTERM 2 SG

MIDTERM 2 SG - PSC 151 MIDTERM 2 STUDY GUIDE CH. 5...

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PSC 151 MIDTERM 2 STUDY GUIDE CH. 5 Self-concept o Content of the self o Our knowledge about who we are Self-awareness o Act of thinking about ourselves Self-schemas o Mental structures that people use to organize their knowledge about themselves & that influence what they notice, think about, and remember about themselves Self-reference effect o Tendency for people to remember info better if they relate it to themselves Independent view of the self o Way of defining oneself in terms of one’s own internal thoughts, feelings, and actions o Not in terms of the thoughts, feelings, and actions of other people Interdependent view of the self o Way of defining oneself in terms of one’s relationships to other people o Recognizing that one’s behavior is often determined by the thoughts, feelings, and actions of others Introspection o Self-awareness theory o Idea that when people focus their attention on themselves o Causal theories o o Often we learn such theories from our culture “absence makes the heart grow fonder” Reasons-generated attitude change o Attitude change resulting from thinking about the reasons for one’s attitudes
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o Self-perception theory o Theory that when our attitudes & feelings are uncertain or ambiguous, we infer these states by observing our Intrinsic motivation o Desire to engage in an activity because we enjoy it or find it interesting, not because of internal rewards/pressures Extrinsic motivation o Desire to engage in an activity because of external rewards or pressures, not cuz we enjoy the task or find it interesting Overjustification effect o Tendency for people to view their behavior as caused by compelling extrinsic reasons Makes them underestimate the extent to which it was caused by intrinsic reasons Task-contingent rewards o Rewards that are given for performing a task, regardless of how well the task is done Performance-contingent rewards o Rewards that are based on how well we perform a task Two-factor theory of emotion o Idea that emotional experience is the result of a two-step self-perception process o People first experience physiological arousal, then an appropriate explanation for it Misattribution of arousal o Process where people make mistaken inferences about what is causing them to feel the way they do Appraisal theories of emotion o Emotions result from people’s interpretations & explanations of events, even in the absence of physiological arousal Social comparison theory o
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSC 151 taught by Professor Pickett during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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MIDTERM 2 SG - PSC 151 MIDTERM 2 STUDY GUIDE CH. 5...

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