PSC 168 MIDTERM 1 EXAM

PSC 168 MIDTERM 1 EXAM - PSC 168 Final Spring `07 1) The...

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PSC 168 Final Spring ‘07 1) The degree to which a genetic characteristic is manifested by individuals carrying a specific gene is called a) Concordance b) Discordance c) Penetrance d) Genetic linkage 2) If a biological or psychological symptom is specific for a disorder, it is said to be a) Inherited b) Iatrogenic c) Idiographic d) Pathognomonic 3) Prevalence is to ________ as incidence is to ________. a) Uncovered; hidden b) Many; few c) Rare; common d) Total number; new cases 4) Less than 50% of people who are mentally ill seek help. According to lecture, a major obstacle is: a) Ability of the individual b) Stigma c) Previous experiences d) Finances 5) A school psychologist wanted to know the # of students diagnosed w/ ADHD. If she were interested in learning how many new cases of ADHD had been diagnosed w/in the last year, she is looking for: a) Variable rates b) Incidence rates c) Prevalence rates
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PSC 168 Final Spring ‘07 d) Nomological rates 6) A music teacher decides to give students a vocab test before deciding what the right musical instrument is for each. The vocab test gives consistent results, but the students are rarely happy w/ the instrument they play. The problem is that the vocab test a) Is valid, but not reliable b) Has excessive reliability c) Is neither reliable nor valid d) Is reliable, but not valid 7) a) It is more common for study findings to show clinical significance than statistical significance b) Large samples can produce statistical significance w/o showing clinical significance c) Statistical significance has greater practical value than clinical significance d) If there is statistical significance, we can assume there is clinical significance 8) Dr. Malcolm is developing a new personality inventory. In his validation study, he ensures that his participants include individuals from every state, an equal # of men & women, individuals from all ethnic & racial backgrounds and individuals from both rural & urban areas. Dr. Malcolm is trying to ensure that his study is a) Internally valid b) Tightly controlled c) Externally valid d) Reliable 9) a) A moral treatment movement which emphasized humane treatment of the mentally disturbed involving hygienic conditions, b) A philosophical movement that emphasizes human welfare & the worth & uniqueness of the individual c) The belief that mental disorders have a physical or physiological basis
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PSC 168 Final Spring ‘07 d) A therapeutic method using verbal expression to release pent-up emotional conflicts 10) Alma has recurrent terrifying episodes that last 20 minutes. Her heart beats so fast she thinks she’s having a heart attack, she sweats profusely, and she feels a sense of doom. For more than a month she has feared having another episode. An appropriate
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PSC 168 MIDTERM 1 EXAM - PSC 168 Final Spring `07 1) The...

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