PSC 126 Exam 3 SG

PSC 126 Exam 3 SG - PSC 126: Health Psychology Study Guide...

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PSC 126: Health Psychology Study Guide Exam 3 This study guide focuses on what I consider to be the important material from the lectures. If you know the answers to these questions, you will be in excellent shape for the lecture portion of the midterm. Health behavior 1. What are health behaviors? What are health habits? When do health habits usually develop? a. Health behaviors – undertaken by people to enhance/engage health (e.g. brushing teeth, bathing, not smoking) b. Health habit – behavior that is pretty well-formed and done automatically. Should be good . Established by 11-12 yrs old 2. What were the seven health habits identified in the Alameda County study? What did that study show about people who exhibited more health habits, compared to those who exhibited fewer? a. 7 health habits defined by Alameda County study – sleep 7-8 hrs/night, not smoking, regular exercise, no more than 4 drinks at one time, rarely/never eating between meals, eat breakfast everyday, be < 10% overweight if a F, and < 20% if a M b. The more factors one practices, the healthier they were 3. What does it mean to say that ‘health habits are autonomous and unstable’? Why is this so? a. 4. Describe the Health Beliefs Model as it was discussed in class. Describe the study that used HBM to determine what predicted intentions to use condoms among young vs. older gay men in Amsterdam. What were the results, and what were the implications for behavior change programs? a. HBM – focuses on the likelihood of someone taking action (brushing teeth, wearing a condom during sex, wearing seatbelt regularly) i. Perceived threat (perceived benefit – perceived barriers) usually determines likelihood of taking action 1. Affected by perceived severity (how severe the consequences of the threat are), perceived vulnerability (how likely you are to develop problem based on your behaviors), cues to action (ad campaigns, newspaper, etc.) b. Amsterdam study i. Gave gay men a questionnaire gauging perceived severity, vulnerability, and cues to action ii. Older men – more affected by perceived prevalence and vulnerability iii. Young men – more affected by cues to action and perceived benefits iv. There was more HIV/AIDS in younger men because ad campaigns focused on vulnerability to infection & younger men weren’t taking this into consideration 5. Describe the Stages of Change model. What are the stages and how does one define them when the behavior of interest is smoking? What role does relapse play in this model? What is the value of this model for developing strategies for behavior change? a. Stages: i. Precontemplation – Not seriously intending to quit smoking in the next 6 months ii. Contemplation – recognize smoking is a problem, want to change it, but aren’t really committed yet iii. Preparation – intend to make change in next 30 days or so (e.g. a pack-a-day smoker aims to smoke 5 cigs fewer each week or each day)
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSC 126 taught by Professor Capitanio during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

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PSC 126 Exam 3 SG - PSC 126: Health Psychology Study Guide...

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