Lecture 1B Outline - 1 Lecture 1B Outline Reconstruction...

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1 Lecture 1B Outline Reconstruction and the Constitution Learning Objectives for Lecture 1B Who were Radical Republicans? What was their relationship like with the President of the United States, Andrew Johnson? What major Constitutional amendments resulted from Reconstruction? How did White Southerners and African Americans respond to these amendments? What limits were imposed on Reconstruction and why did Reconstruction policies ultimately fail in the South? How did African Americans respond to the failure of Reconstruction in the South? o Lincoln originally offered “a general amnesty” to all but high-ranking Confederates willing to pledge loyalty to the Union I. Radical Reconstruction a. Wade-Davis Bill, July 2, 1864 a.i. In addition to an oath of allegiance, only individuals who had never carried arms against the union could form state governments b. Andrew Johnson b.i. Took over when Lincoln was assassinated b.ii. From Tennessee, remained loyal to the Union b.iii. Championed poor whites, not enslaved African Americans b.iv. Planned on offering amnesty too all southerners who took an oath of allegiance except high ranking confederate officials and wealthy planters c. Three Aspects of Radical Republican ideology: c.i. Utopian vision c.i.1. Nation whose citizens enjoyed equality of civil and political rights secured by a national state c.ii. Expansion of national state- to define and protect citizen rights c.iii.

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