1Lecture 1B OutlineReconstruction and the ConstitutionLearning Objectives for Lecture 1BWho were Radical Republicans? What was their relationship like with the President of the United States, Andrew Johnson? What major Constitutional amendments resulted from Reconstruction? How did White Southerners and African Americans respond to these amendments? What limits were imposed on Reconstruction and why did Reconstruction policiesultimately fail in the South?How did African Americans respond to the failure of Reconstruction in the South?oLincoln originally offered “a general amnesty” to all but high-ranking Confederates willing to pledge loyalty to the UnionI.Radical Reconstructiona.Wade-Davis Bill, July 2, 1864a.i.In addition to an oath of allegiance, only individuals who had never carried arms against the union could form state governmentsb.Andrew Johnsonb.i.Took over when Lincoln was assassinated b.ii.From Tennessee, remained loyal to the Unionb.iii.Championed poor whites, not enslaved African Americansb.iv.Planned on offering amnesty too all southerners who took an oath of allegiance except high ranking confederate officials and wealthyplanters c.Three Aspects of Radical Republican ideology:c.i.Utopian visionc.i.1.Nation whose citizens enjoyed equality of civil and political rights secured by a national statec.ii.Expansion of national state- to define and protect citizen rightsc.iii.