Final Exam Outlines - History

Final Exam Outlines - History - 9. The fight for social...

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9. The fight for social justice and equality after 1965 showed the white supporters of civil rights were racists. Do you agree? I. Introduction A. Praisers – civil rights was still a major problem after 1965 but whites were behind civil rights and made the country gain head way for equality B. Critics – white civil right supports were truly racist – they didn’t do anything to help the just didn’t oppose civil rights C. Thesis: White civil rights supporters didn’t help blacks gain equality, they just sat around allowed them to be treated as inferior through voting rights, the police, and education systems. II. Body A. Voting Rights 1. Selma, Alabama (1965) a. 400 blacks were registered to vote but it started a riot b. killed 2 marchers – became know as “bloody Sunday” that was seen on TV 2. Voting Rights (1965) – voting rights became a federal law and stopped this 3. Voting denied in Mississippi, Alabama, and many other S. states B. The Police 1. Kerner Commission Report – looked into civil riots and saw that only 3 deaths were caused by rioters – rest by police 2. Sheriff “Bull” Conner a. Attacked civil rights marchers with hoses, dogs, and clubs at MLK’s demonstration in Birmingham, Alabama 1) 100’s went jail – including children went to jail 2) televised – people watched brutality 3. 750 riots in 186 cities – majority in the south a. Freedom Drives (trying to integrate interstate commerce) – in Montgomery brought police and KKK and federal marshals were sent in b. Government always had to come to the rescue to stop southern police C. Education Systems 1. Brown vs. Board of Education (1954) – declared that segregating schools was illegal – south didn’t like that a. Southern Manifesto (1956) – southern states declaring that they want segregation to remain legal b. Closed public schools to show opposition c. Arkansas 1957 – government had to force open schools in Little Rock 1) 9 blacks were blocked from entering HS 2) became national embarrassment d. Took till 1959 to reopen southern schools 2. James Meredith – Supreme Court has to order U. of Miss to allowed him to attend school a. Pres. sent army and turned to riot injuring 160 and killing 1 b. 500 troops had to stay with him all 4 years 3. 1962 – Univ. of Alabama was desegregated
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10. Southern whites were the only evils on the issue of black civil rights in the 1950’s and early 1960’s, and thankfully the federal government overwhelmed them for the sake of moderates. III. Introduction A. Praisers – civil rights was improving in the 1950’s and 1960’s and it wasn’t the fault of the white southerners that it wasn’t working the way it planned B. Critics – southern whites were evil and holding back from civil rights making more progress than they could of without them but the government helped to fight the racism C. Thesis: White southerners held the country back from equality in the 1950’s and 1960’s through voting rights, the police, and education systems. IV.
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course HIST 1025 taught by Professor Funk,merle during the Winter '07 term at Colorado.

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Final Exam Outlines - History - 9. The fight for social...

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