art his c110h

art his c110h - Jose Revuelta Art History C110H Dis 1A TA:...

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Jose Revuelta Art History C110H Dis 1A TA: Jennifer Sternad 3-12-2008 On Authorship On the issue of authorship, there has been a general debate on whether or not the understanding of the Author brings about the full grasp of the author’s work. It seems that it is not just the author that should be thought about, but also the way in which authorship is used (or not) to create meaning. Barthes finds greater importance in the reader’s interpretation of a work rather than the artist’s life which leads to a purely formal reading of the artwork, while Borsa feels that the relationship between the author and the viewer with respect to the historical context of the author is more important, which leads to a more analytical reading of the artwork. It is clear that there is more than one approach to understanding the issue of authorship in Latin American art. Borsa and Barthes’ approaches offer different techniques to finding meaning in a work. Barthes believes that “the birth of the reader must be at the cost of the death of the Author” 1 , meaning that the voice of the author or the true meaning(s) of his/her work can only reach true interpretation when the reader/viewer deciphers the meaning behind the work. The type of author that Barthes speaks of is one who has been “canonized, anthologized and institutionalized” 2 after death. In the arts, a well-known artist would go under greater critique than a lesser-known artist. Since more information has been chronicled on the well-known 1 Roland Barthes, “Death of the Author” Image/Music/Text (New York: Hill and Wang, 1977), 148 2 Joan Borsa, “Frida Kahlo: Marginalization and the Critical Female Subject,” Third Text 12 (Autumn 1990), 22
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2 artist’s life, and in turn, the artist’s respective works, it is easier for the viewer (reader) to draw more meaning from the work. What Barthes suggests is that the role of the author be disregarded just as non-white authors are coming into prominence. So if non-white authors have not been accepted, the question to ponder upon is whether it would matter if said authors are disregarded. Whatever standards may exist for the anthologized artists may not function for those artists who are either anonymous or not canonized. Similarly, it would be wrong to believe that upon learning more on the author, more meaning will in turn be brought forth for analysis. Barthes places great importance on the reader with no involvement from the author. He believes in order to attain a good interpretation there must be an objective reader “without history… biography…
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course HIST 1C taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '07 term at UCLA.

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art his c110h - Jose Revuelta Art History C110H Dis 1A TA:...

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