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study guide ps 40 final

study guide ps 40 final - CONGRESS-Constitutional...

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stay informed about individual party members. CONGRESS -Constitutional differences between two chambers House Senate Age Greater than or equal to 25 Greater than or equal to 30 Citizenship Greater than or equal to 7 years Greater than or equal to 9 years Term 2 years (not in constitution) 6 years (in constitution) Presiding Officer Speaker President (VP or Pres. Pro Tempore) In the senate, the constitutionally designated presiding officer, or President of the Senate, is the VP of the US; however, this is largely symbolic. The real leadership authority lies with the majority and minority leaders. If VP is vacant then Pres. Pro Tempore elected by his chamber and by custom the most senior majority—party senator, becomes president of the senate. VP votes in senate only to break ties. In the house, the constitutionally designated presiding officer, the speaker, is also the actual political leader of that body. This makes sense because, unlike the VP in the senate, he is chosen by his peers, in effect by those who make up the majority party in the house. A) Powers of House 1) Initiate revenue bills- not important because the senate gets involved later on and may change them 2) Impeach public officer- house is accusing body (grand jury) B) Powers of Senate 1) Confirm appointees- senate confirms most presidential appointments. VP is the only officer whose confirmation (when the president appoints a new one to fill a vacancy) requires House consent 2) Try impeachments- the trying body (petit jury) 3) Ratify treaties C) Differences in length of terms. Why? The senate’s longer, staggered terms shields its members form small changes in public opinion. The senate was mean to slow down the more popularly responsive house. D) Powers of congress -Finance: tax, borrow -political system: elections (in part), admissions of states, amendment proposals, civil -To fund “welfare” stuff: including grants to states rights, congressional organization and procedures, -Commerce and economy: broadly conceived regulatory powers and qualifications of members -Personnel: confirm, impeach, and try cases -Courts: establish, limit, fund
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-Armed Forces: establish, regulate, fund, and declare war -The World beyond the States: treaties, foreign aid, commerce, territories, DC, seas -Bureaucracy: establish, authorize, fund What is incumbency advantage? Candidate-centered elections? Party-centered elections? As an incumbent, chances of being reelected are very high o Why do incumbents have an advantage? More money They can claim credit They establish themselves as a brand name And they already have a track record compared to the new challenger What motivates members of Congress? What types of behaviors do they engage in to achieve their goals? What are the consequences to these actions? (This could be a good essay question). They break ties in the issue area that constituencies care about the most, greater chance to play pivotal role for
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study guide ps 40 final - CONGRESS-Constitutional...

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