kosovo3 - American Foreign Policy Throughout America's...

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American Foreign Policy Throughout America’s history, the government has been criticized a countless number of times in how they approach foreign affairs. Many scholars have noted that when it comes to international affairs, America only acts when there is something to be gained. In a few instances, America has aided foreign nations on their own free will, but more often government officials have extra incentives to enter these foreign conflicts (Maoz 1990). A stellar example of this is the ongoing conflicts in Kosovo and how during the Cold War America took a very pro active stance in the region, but after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the former Yugoslavia was no longer a point of interest in American foreign policy (Paris 2002). When the region was desolated and needed aid the most, America turned its back until the genocide became such an international issue that the Clinton Administration could no longer ignore it (Dovi 2001). The situation is noted as also being incredibly ironic because the Clinton administration, which was seen as being the most committed to humanitarian intervention and moral foreign policy than any U.S. administration since World War II, wound up standing by and watching two genocides (Dovi 2007). Bill Clinton campaigned on the first Bush administration's failure to contain the genocide in Bosnia. Yet, for more than two years his administration did little about the genocide occurring in Bosnia until they were publicly scrutinized for overlooking the events that led to the Srebrenica massacre of Bosnian Muslims in 1995. When the situation emerged and the Serbian ethnic cleansing in Kosovo was widely known, America’s action was fairly prompt but inadequate until British Prime Minister Tony Blair pressured President Clinton into committing to fight the Serbian army on the ground ("History Bloody History" 1999) (Manson 1999). The territory formally known as Yugoslavia has had a long violent history of cultural and religious conflicts dating all the way back to the 1700’s. This particular region of Europe rarely dabbled in western affairs and America never concerned itself with Yugoslavia’s local issues. The relationship between Yugoslavia and America emerged after WWII, more specifically, on January 31, 1946, when the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia was created. The emergence of the Cold War changed the world as it was known and when the former Yugoslavia established six socialist republics, America took notice. ("History, Bloody History." 1999) The Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia was inspired by the Soviet Union and seen as a way to minimize the tension between all the societal cleavages in the area. Each ethnic group was given their own region and was treated as independent entities.
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSC 335 taught by Professor Nottingham during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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kosovo3 - American Foreign Policy Throughout America's...

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