Religious Studies

Religious Studies - Religious Studies 03/10/2006 22:17:00...

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Religious Studies 03/10/2006 22:17:00 Definitions of religion Crutch used by people who cant deal with death Institution used by powerful to control the uneducated Hope/individual Forms of solidarity and/or community To understand our own culture Reveals pluralism (presence of many different religions) Can be used to understand sociological phenomenon Study of religion is Practical o Don’t offend someone o Not selling pork at a kosher butcher shop o Practical advise for day to day Attracted scholars Influences or lives in so man ways Only one religion but many different versions Truth is the same for everybody Religion is as old as humanity itself Evidence shows that early humans tried to control natural forces by rituals Earliest signs of religion found in burial rituals and interest in the afterlife Definitions of religion Monotheist Polytheist Functional o Trying to remove their own opinions, and try to describe what religions do or how they function
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Religious Studies 03/10/2006 22:17:00 Re-legere (meaning to read again) Re-ligare (to reconnect) perhaps God or the whole/reality Religion as Ritual o Practice of rituals o Some view that this is the emphasis of religion Moral conduct o Someone who behaves ethically and morally o Obey the commands and are behavior is the arbiter to say if we are religious Feeling o Feeling of total dependence o Being awestruck Ultimate concern o Religion is defined b a driving purpose o Must be during force in everything we do Illusion o Carl Marx and Sigmund Freud o Religion is invention of people who use crutches Individual and Society o Religion is what we do in our solitude o Each or our morals and ethics come from our religion o Declares and sanctions values Peter Berger- “The Sacred Canopy” World Building/World Maintenance o Religion is natural response to chaotic environments o We try to create order so we minimize the extent of chaotic ness o We use religion to maintain a natural order The Holy/Sacred/Absolute/Ultimate System of activities and belies directed toward what is perceived to be sacred or of ultimate value and power
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Religious Studies 03/10/2006 22:17:00 Gerardus van der Leeuw The earliest thinker who leads them to Rudulf Otto Made distinction between sacred and profane/mundane o Heaven (sacred) and Earth (profane) o In order for us to get to heaven we must be purified a bit Profane is in our everyday life Something sacred is something distinct, “other”, separate from our everyday experiences Sacred is believed to be powerful Sacred is ambivalent Articles are combinations of feelings and symbolism Rudulf Otto- “The Idea of the Holy” “Mysteium Tremendum et Fascinans”- The tremendous and fascinating mystery Its not that religion doesn’t have a ceremonial ritual, but that it has a sense of mysterim…that have an effect on us “Numinous”- spiritual power
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course RS ST 1 taught by Professor Hillis during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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Religious Studies - Religious Studies 03/10/2006 22:17:00...

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