Rel 101 Content Outline Judaism 1-2

Rel 101 Content Outline Judaism 1-2 - Rel 101 Content...

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Rel 101: Content Outline Judaism: Biblical Judaism and Rabbinical Judaism Monday, Oct 13 Assigned Reading , Molloy, Chapter 8, pp. 289-313 (you do not have to memorize dates for the quiz) I. Historical Development of Judaism A. The Kings -King David establishes Jerusalem as the capital (@1000BCE) – David (leader of Israel) was a young man from Bethlehem. He was an accomplished military leader. Recognizing the need for a central city, he took over the hilltop town of Jebus, renaming it Jerusalem and establishing it as the national capital. -King Solomon and the First Temple in Jerusalem (@950BCE) – Solomon was the son of David. He constructed the first temple that David had envisioned. In this way he created a home for Yahweh, whose presence, it was hoped, would protect the kingdom. Services included prayers and hymns, accompanied by musical instruments such as trumpets and cymbals. B. Babylonian exile (586-539 BCE) -the destruction of the First Temple in Jerusalem – when the kingdom of Judah and its First temple were destroyed by the Babylonians, forcing the Israelite people into exile in Babylonia (present day Iraq) for nearly 50 years. Without a temple
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the Hebrew Bible was created and study of the scriptures and prayer in synagogues became important. -Sabbath – service of worship, study, sermon and psalms, performed in a meetinghouse or synagogue “lead together” -synagogue – a place of worship for Jews C. The Second Temple period -Sadducees- were the first of the factions to emerge. They were members of the priestly families, living primarily in Jerusalem, and were in charge of the temple and its activities. -Pharisees – were the second faction that arose. Their focus was on preserving Hebrew piety through careful observation of religious laws and traditions.
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