Music Study Guide

Music Study Guide - Music Study Guide 01:12:00 Classical...

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Music Study Guide 15/04/2008 01:12:00 Classical Mozart o Died at 35, child prodigy o Composer, pianist, and violinist o Piano Concerto in G Major, K 453 (mvmt 1) Sonata-allegro combined with ritonello New sections Solo expo Double expo Cadenza: solo plays what ever they want, trill signals the end Solo only free rhythm Modulatory Coda played by orchestra o Opera, The Marriage of Figaro Opera buffa Number operas Opera where pieces are broken down into certain numbers Librettest- da Ponte Aria- “Non so piu” (Cherubino-female) Trousers role
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Recitative and trio (ensemble) “Cosa sento” Romantic Industrial Revolution Original genre Sturmund Drang: literary movement in Germany Poets- Poe and Goethe Trends- nationalism, exoticism, nostalgia, Macabre, folk, extreme emotions Trends in music o Art of orchestration (bigger variety of instruments) o Form and structure- sweeping melodies o Musical elements- dissonance and chromaticism Rise of virtuoso soloist and also amateur music making Beethoven o German composer and pianist o Independent composer o Traditional style o Expands form, breaks convention, mixes genres, and symphony becomes problematic after Beethoven o The First Viennese School (Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven) Symphony No. 5 in c minor, Op.6 Cyclic form SSSL links all movements
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1. Sonata-allegro Oboe cadenza Extended coda 2. Double theme and variations Slow and calm 3. Scherzo and Trio Changed the minuet and trio, faster than Rocket theme Double bass fugue 3 goes attaca into 4 4. Sonata-allegro form Extended coda Piano Pieces o Piano Sonata, Op. 13 “Pathetique” mvmt. 2 5 part rondo Very beautiful Beethoven o Nocturne in C Minor, Op. 48, No. 1- Chopin ABA’ + coda Think lullaby o Scherzo Op. 10- Clara Schumann
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Scherzo w/ 2 trios instead of traditional 1 Art song o Short lyric vocal pieces o Chamber ensemble Voice and piano o Operatic drama in salon o Song cycle- collection of lieder, unified by poet or topic o Lied: German art genre Robert Schumann German composer and critic Forms in Lieder Strophic Modified Strophic- AABA or AAAB Through-composed- no repetitions “And if the flowers knew” from A Poets Love o Heine o Modified strophic, end has sudden turn in sentiments Franz Schubert Viennese composer and pianist Erlkonig Goethe, through-composed
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One singer, 4 characters Choral music o Orchestra and chorus popular o Sacred repetorire in concert hall o Johannes Brahms
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Music Study Guide - Music Study Guide 01:12:00 Classical...

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