Module 3_ Ethical Theories (part 2).pdf - Module 3: Ethical...

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Module 3: Ethical Theories (part 2)Throughout the 3 SWAY presentations in this module, we will cover each of these theories:Part 1-Divine Command Theory (Religion)-The Healthy Soul (Socrates and Plato)-Virtue Ethics (Aristotle)Part 2-Deontology (Immanuel Kant)-Teleology (John Stuart Mill)Part 3-Enlightened Self-interest (Thomas Hobbes)-Contractarianism (John Rawls)-Feminist EthicsIn this presentation (part 2) we will learn about deontological and teleological ethical theories.
Teleological theories look forward and deontological theories look backward to decide what is right orwrong. Some people believe in only one type of theory but we quite often decide what is rightand wrong using both types of theories.
DeontologyDeontologyFrom the Greek wordDeos,meaning duty.Deontological theories focus on duties and principles.Emphasis is placed on doing what is right, based on ethical principles, regardless ofthe outcome.Best known is Emmanuel Kantscategorical imperative.(aka Kantian ethics)In deontological theories, whether an act is right does not depend on the consequences. (Disagrees withthe idea that consequences are important. ) There are certain acts that are right or wrong no matterwhat the consequences are. This appeals to the notion that there are certain acts which are wrong evenif they have a good outcome. Some people think we can decide whether acts are right by looking at themotive behind them. Others think that acts have to conform to rules for them to be right.

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