HIST200 F06 Shammas The American Experience Final Study Guide 2

HIST200 F06 Shammas The American Experience Final Study Guide 2

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History 200 The American Experience STUDY SHEET SECOND EXAM Terms: 40% of the examination. Define (including approximate time and place). Intensive and Extensive Development. Federalists, - The Federalists were originally those forces in favor of the ratification of the Constitution and were typified by: A desire to establish a strong central government (unlike that which existed under the Articles of Confederation ) A corresponding desire for weaker state governments The support of many large landowners, judges, lawyers, leading clergymen and merchants The support of creditor elements who felt that a strong central government would give protection to public and private credit. Alexander Hamilton – Founder of the federalist Party; leading author of the federalist Papers, which has been the single most important interpretation of the Constitution. His great adversary was Thomas Jefferson , who opposed his monarchial, urban, financial, industrial pro-British vision and created the rival Republican party . Report on Manufactures- a report written by the 1st U.S. Treasury Secretary , Alexander Hamilton to Congress in 1792 recommending economic policies to stimulate the new republic and make it independent from British manufacturing still controlled by King George III . Hamilton believed that manufacturing was superior to agriculture alone ( Thomas Jefferson advocated this opposite system until his later years). tariffs, - was the single most important source of federal revenue from the 1790s to the eve of World War I, when it was finally surpassed by income taxes. The second issue was protection to industry; it was the political dimension of the tariff. Jay Treaty – was a treaty between the United States and Great Britain signed in November 1794, and ratified in 1795. The goals were designed primarily by Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton , with strong support from President George Washington and chief negotiator John Jay . Hartford Convention - was an event in 1814 in the United States during the War of 1812 in which New England 's opposition to the war reached the point where secession from the United States was discussed. The end of the war with a return to the status quo ante bellum disgraced the Federalist Party , which disbanded in most places. Democratic Republicans - Jefferson and Madison created the party in order to oppose the economic and foreign policies of the ruling Federalist Party . Republicans generally favored France (until 1801) and opposed Great Britain , going to war in 1812 with Britain . The Republicans insisted on a strict construction of the Constitution , and denounced many of Hamilton's proposals (especially the national bank ) as unconstitutional.
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Republicans promoted states' rights and the primacy of the yeoman farmer , as opposed to bankers, industrialists and merchants. Thus from 1792 to 1816 the Republicans opposed such Federalist policies as high tariffs, a navy, military spending, a national debt, and a national bank. Thomas Jefferson - the principal author of the
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HIST200 F06 Shammas The American Experience Final Study Guide 2

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