Chapter 3 - Uppers(stimulants Copyright 2004 CNS...

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Unformatted text preview: Uppers (stimulants) Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 1 Uppers (stimulants) Cocaine (hydrochloride, crack, freebase) Amphetamines (speed, meth, "ice") Amphetamine congeners (Ritalin , diet pills, e.g., fen-phen) Plant stimulants (khat, betel nut, yohimbe) Caffeine (coffee, tea, soft drinks, OTC meds) Nicotine (cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco) Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 2 Initial Effects of Stimulants Increased energy Increased heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, & reflexes Restlessness & excessive talking Hypersensitivity Dilated pupils Little appetite or thirst Overconfidence Euphoria Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 3 Past Year U.S. Cocaine Use (includes crack) 2001 At least once 12 or more days 51 or more days 4.2 million 1.7 million 1.0 million Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 4 Cocaine Absorption Plasma Levels of Cocaine (nanograms per milliliter Intravenous Smoked Nasal Oral Minutes After Dose Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 5 Smokable cocaine (freebase, crack, paste) Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 6 Crack pipes Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 7 Amphetamines d,l amphetamine (e.g., benzedrine, "crosstops," "black beauties," "bennies") Methamphetamine (e.g., methedrine, "crank," meth, "crystal") Dextroamphetamine (e.g., dexedrine, "dexies," "beans," "Christmas trees") Dextromethamphetamine ("ice," "glass," "batu," "snot") Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 8 Methamphetamines Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 9 Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. "Ice" 10 Amphetamine congeners Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 11 Severe ADHD: Without & With Ritalin A B Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 12 Lookalike Stimulants Any combination of Caffeine Ephedrine Pseudoephedrine Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 13 Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 14 Caffeine Content 1 demitasse espresso 1 cup freshly brewed 1 cup of tea 12 oz. cola 4 oz. chocolate bar 1 No-Doz tablet 1 Vivarin tablet 200 mg caffeine 90 125 mg 60 100 mg 36 60 mg 15 90 mg 100 mg 200 mg 15 Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. U.S. Cigarette Use, 2001 (12 & older) Ever used Used past year 68.9% 151.6 million 29.5% 65.6 million Used past month 24.9% 56.3 million Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 16 Blood Nicotine Level Blood Nicotine 24 Hours Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 17 Health Effects of Smoking Blood vessel constriction grayish complexion slow healing mechanisms heart disease/stroke Lung and mouth irritation shortness of breath respiratory illnesses cancer Addiction Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 18 Smokeless Tobacco Health Effects Blood vessel constriction grayish complexion slow-healing mechanisms heart disease/stroke Mouth irritation sores oral/mouth cancer Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 19 Cigarette Deaths Caused by Smoking United States, 1999 Stroke Other Conditions Other Cancers Chronic Lung Dis. Lung Cancer Heart Disease 0 17,000 34,000 38,000 98,000 123,000 132,000 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 Number of Deaths Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 20 Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 21 Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 22 Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 23 U. S. Lung Cancer Rate vs. Cigarette Sales Cigarette sales (billions of cigarettes Lung cancer deaths per 100,000 Copyright 2004, CNS Productions Inc. 24 ...
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