Chapter 5 - Alcohol Content Wine Beer red, white, rose wine...

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Unformatted text preview: Alcohol Content Wine Beer red, white, rose wine coolers lager, dark ale light beer whiskey, Scotch, vodka, rum, gin, cognac, etc. amaretto, kahlua, etc. 12% 6% 6% 4% 40-43% 28% 1 Hard Liquors (Note: 100% alcohol = 200 proof) Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. Alcohol Use in the United States, 2001 Lifetime use Past year use Past month use Binge use Heavy use 81.7% 184 million 63.7% 143 million 48.3% 109 million 20.5% 5.7% 46 million 13 million 2 Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. Chemistry of Fermentation Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. 3 Effects of Alcohol Moderate Use Disinhibition, sedation, mood swings Blood vessel dilation, heat loss CNS depression (heart, pulse, respiration) Digestive irritation Heavy, Long-Term Use Erratic behavior, blackouts Nerve, liver, heart damage Mental confusion, delirium Impotence, fetal damage Severe CNS depression, possibly death Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. 4 Level of Impairment vs. Blood Alcohol Concentration .00 Blood Alcohol Concentration Lowered inhibitions, feelings of relaxation Some loss of muscular coordination Decreased alertness Reduced social inhibitions Impaired ability to drive Slowed reaction time Clumsiness, exaggerated emotions Unsteadiness standing or walking Argumentative & often hostile behavior Slurred speech Severe intoxication Inability to walk without help Confused speech Incapacitated, loss of feeling Difficult to rouse Life-threatening unconsciousness Coma Death from lung & heart failure Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. .50 Blood Alcohol Concentration 5 Alcohol: Social and Health Effects Total U. S. Drinking Deaths, 130,000 Drinking is involved in 40% of fatal car crashes 50% of all murders 20-36% of suicides 50% of rapes 25-30% of admissions to hospitals Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. 6 Fatty Liver Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. 7 Cirrhotic Liver Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. 8 Normal Heart Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. Alcoholic's Heart 9 FAS Infant Brain Normal Infant Brain 10 Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. Alcohol & Drug Abuse Linked to Family Violence Cocaine Any illicit drug Alcohol 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Percent of accused batterers testing positive at time of arrest. Figures do not add up to 100% since many abuse more than one substance. Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. 11 About 40% of auto fatalities involve alcohol. Of convicted DWI drivers, 61% had drunk beer, 18% liquor, & 2% wine. Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. 12 Worldwide Per Capita Alcohol Use vs. Incidence of Chronic Liver Disease Alcohol in Liters of Pure Ethanol Russia 14.5 liters France 13.7 Germany 13.8 Italy 9.6 United States 8.9 Israel 1.8 Cirrhosis Rate per 100,000 N/A 12.1 15.4 13.9 7.7 4.9 Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. 13 Average Number of Drinks Per Week Listed by Grade Average Grade Average A B C D or F Drinks Per Week Males Female Overall 5.4 7.4 9.2 14.6 2.3 3.4 4.1 5.2 3.3 5.0 6.6 10.1 14 College Core Study, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. Homeless Population 46% are single males 14% are single women 36.5% are female heads of household with children 25% are children 8% have HIV or AIDS 23% are considered mentally ill 45% have substance abuse problems Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. 15 Alcohol Use in the United States Compared to Level of Education, 2001 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Any use Binge use Heavy use Less than high High school school graduate Some college Copyright, 2004, CNS Productions, Inc. College graduate 16 ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course BIO 1033 taught by Professor Joel.martinez,jr.,ph.d. during the Fall '04 term at Texas San Antonio.

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