Chapter 01 - Keys to the Study of Chemistry Handout

Chapter 01 - Keys to the Study of Chemistry Handout -...

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CHEMISTRY CHEMISTRY “…The science that deals with the composition, structure and properties of substances and with the transformations that they undergo…” (Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary) the study of matter and its properties the changes that matter undergoes the energy associated with these changes
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Biology Analytical Chemistry What is Chemistry What is Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Biochemistry Organic Chemistry Physical Chemistry Medical Chemistry Food Chemistry Medicine
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What is Chemistry What is Chemistry Organic Chemistry study of carbon compounds containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus Inorganic Chemistry study of all other compounds, including some simple carbon compounds (e.g. CO 2 , CO) Analytical Chemistry study of detection and identification of chemical compounds (qualitative and quantitative analysis) Physical Chemistry application of mathematical theories and physical methods to the study of properties and chemical changes of matter Biochemistry study of chemistry of living organisms
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What is Chemistry What is Chemistry Disciplines and industries that use chemistry Disciplines and industries that use chemistry Chemistry Geology Meteorolgy Biology Pharmacology Medicine Molecular Biology Genetics Food Industry Environmental Chemistry
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Origins of Chemistry Origins of Chemistry Middle Ages: Alchemy (From Arabic al-kimiya, from Greek χιμεια (chimeia ) “Science” and philosophy to convert lead into gold, discover a universal cure for all diseases, and a means to prolong life indefinitely Renaissance and later Developing rational approach to the observation and explanation of natural phenomena
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Origins of Chemistry Origins of Chemistry Medical Tradition Herb, root and plant extracts as sources of medicine Paracelsus (1493-1541): body as a chemical system that is in imbalance when it is sick 17 th century pharmacy: mineral compounds, sometimes useful, often useless, sometimes harmful Continuing development of mineral, herbal and chemical drugs into a pharmaceutical and pharmacological tradition
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Origins of Chemistry Origins of Chemistry Technological Tradition Developments from prehistoric times to the Renaissance Brewing beer, baking bread Use of plant dyes Pottery Metallurgy Copper, bronze, iron, gold and silver Paper making Etc.
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Central Theme of Chemistry Central Theme of Chemistry Macroscopic properties and behavior (those that are observable ) are the result of submicroscopic (or atomic ) properties and behavior (those that we cannot see: atomic or molecular processes) +
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Matter, Composition, and Properties Matter, Composition, and Properties Matter anything that has mass and volume • the “stuff” of the universe: books, planets, trees, professors, students • Is “air” matter? Composition
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Chapter 01 - Keys to the Study of Chemistry Handout -...

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