1 Chp 1 & 2 Basic Concepts

1 Chp 1 & 2 Basic Concepts - World Urban Development Cities...

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Unformatted text preview: World Urban Development Cities of the World, Chapter 1 & 2 Basic Concepts Basic Terminology Urbanization is a process focused on: the physical movement of people from rural to urban places the change in life style associated with movement to cities Urban Place usually defined in part on some minimum size of population and density Cities political designation referring to a place governed by a specific form or forms of a government Metropolis a large city area, anchored by a chief city surrounded by several other cities, "metro area" Metropolitan Area central city, its adjacent jurisdictions Rural all aspects of "country" or agrarian way of life **not urban Central-Place Theory CentralPlace Theory geographic element of location theory with reference to size and distribution of settlements within an urban system central area and relation with important places Exurban region beyond the suburbs of a city, often compromised of "ranchettes" Suburban mostly residential and low density areas surrounding a city Concentric Circles of Urbanized Areas Monocentric Urban Model 1. Urban 2. Suburban 3. Exurban 4. Rural 4 3 2 1 Urbanization Levels Nations are categorized by urbanization levels extent of population concentration; usually measured by percent of population living in urbanized areas Urbanized areas built up areas, where urban land uses are predominate Process of Urbanization Studying urbanization involves looking at: history economic functions: being in central place, bartering and markets systems of industry transportation city planning and design urban way of life = culture Urbanization in the Global Context Each city has its own historical, geographic and cultural setting Globalization is making the world smaller Urban places must meet the challenge of sustainability Sustainability Equity social justice and human rights Economic resources jobs and living wages Environmental resources h20, air and sanitation **human needs: shelter and health care Key Terms Urbanization process of urban growth Urbanism human experience that results from urbanization social and cultural, political and economic What is a City? Aristotle: "city is established for purposes of survival and is intended for well being" Latin: two key terms Civitas city a community of people in a settlement Urb urban the physical place they lived Is There A Minimum Population? Hamlet < village < town < city Types of Cities Millionaire or mega city, based on population. World or global city refers to critical functions the city plays in global urban system. Urban system hierarchical network of cities within a nation or region, usually ranked by population size or economic functions and linked by transportation and communication systems Ecumenopolis a world network or communication threads that link the entire world into a single system Types of Cities Capital city "capital" comes from the Latin word for "head" capital cities are the "head cities" in terms of administration, but not always in terms of economics or cultural activities Primate city dominant city not only largest but also dominates economics and culture, also must be 2x the size of the 2nd largest city Spatial Geographies Site physical environment on which city originated and evolved water features, elevation Situation relative location of a city, its connectedness with other places and surrounding regions Urban Spatial Forms Urban Morphology description of the form of the city the shape of the urbanized area Core the largest city in the system Periphery other cities and rural areas in the region Hinterland rural tributary areas linked to an urban center Urban Spatial Links Conurbation an urban region where two or more cities are combined Megalopolis a 20thcentury word referring to conurbation The Function of the City Urban functions Preindustrial city Industrial city Postindustrial city World Urbanization In 1800 urban population of the world was only 3%. UN predicted that by 2005 the worlds urban population would be over 60% For every 1 citydweller in MDC, there are 4 citydwellers in LDC. MDC: Most Developed Countries LDC: Least Developed Countries World Urbanization In 1900 there were 2 types of nations: Colonizers: independent, industrialized Europe, North America, Russia Colonized: Latin America, Asia Colonial cities: established by immigrant colonial forces Dual cities: showing traits of modern and indigenous cultures World Urbanization Of the 20 largest urban agglomerations in 2000, only 5 are in the MDCs. Mexico City 2nd largest urban area @ 20 million people larger than 3/4 of the worlds independent states Realities of Urban Development In MDCs: industrialization or postindustrialization Some are in population decline The prosperity and quality of life offered to millions of urban residents un parallel in human history Realities of Urban Development In LDCs: legacy of colonialism Ruraltourban migration Continued rapid natural population growth in urban areas Many excolonists do not have enough economic to of prosperity found in MDC ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course URS 1006 taught by Professor Chriscoutts during the Fall '07 term at FSU.

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