13_The Divided Monarchy and Exile

13_The Divided Monarchy and Exile - The Divided Monarchy...

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Unformatted text preview: The Divided Monarchy and the New Covenant 1. 2. 3. Why did the kingdom split? What is the role of the prophet? How do the N. and S. Kingdoms end? 4. What is the solution to Israel's unfaithfulness? 5. Hope at the end of 2 Kings I. Why Does the Kingdom Split? 1 Kings 12 Immediate cause: Rehoboam listened to the counsel of the `young men' Ultimate cause: Solomon's unfaithfulness Deut 17 instructions for Israel's king 1 Kings 11:9-13; 11:31-39; 12:15 Omnipotence behind the scenes What does Jeroboam do to keep his people separate from Judah? Dan 1 Kings 12:25-33 Made two gold calves and places them in shrines at Dan and Bethel Jerusalem Bethel II. What is the role of the prophet? 2 Kings 17:5-41 (esp. vv. 13-18) Warn Israel of God's judgment against their sin Exhort Israel to remain faithful to the covenant Idolatry (2 Kngs 17:5ff) Social injustice (Amos 2:6-8) The sins of Israel were of two sorts. III. End of the N. and S. Kingdoms The Northern Kingdom: destroyed by the Assyrians (2 Kngs 17:5) Who were brought in to live in place of the Israelite exiles? (2 Kngs 17:6) Displaced peoples from other conquered nations who eventually learned the worship of Yahweh alongside their gods (vv. 24-41). In the time of Jesus, the Samaritans were identified as the descendants of the people. (v. 41-not the derogatory tone already present when referring to these people) The Southern Kingdom: taken into exile by Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians (2 Kngs 25:1-12) IV. What is the solution to Israel's unfaithfulness? Whose to blame for Israel's exile according to 2 Kngs? (see 17:8) What hope does Jeremiah give the exiles? Jer 23:5-6 The hope of the Messiah Jer 31:31-34 A new covenant Remember Deut 30:6 Promissory / Obligatory? V. How does 2 Kngs End? A descendant of David has been elevated from prison to be cared for in the court of the Babylonian king. Recalls God's faithfulness and promise to David. The hope of the Messiah to come. ...
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