Unformatted text preview: A Priestly Messiah and the Return of Elijah The Restoration: The Return from Exile A Second Exodus Isaiah 40:3 Isaiah 49:2021 Effected by God's Annointed Cyrus (cf. Isa 10:519, Assyria) Isaiah 44:2428 Isaiah 45:15, 13 The Cause: God's righteousness Isaiah 51:46 Isaiah 51:46
5. My righteousness draws near speadily my salvation is on the way, and my arm brings justice to the nations. 6. But my salvation will last forever, my righteousness will never fail. Righteousness = God's saving activity. His salvific rule. Chronicler's history: The Hope for Two "Annointed Ones" Who are the leaders when the exiles return? Ezra 3:2 / 5:2 Zechariah 34 Jeshua a priest Zerubbabel a Davidic descendant 4:1114 Two olive trees/Two anointed ones 12 Chronicles (period of the monarchy and exile) Ezra, Nehemiah (period of the restoration) A Priestly and a Kingly Messiah David, Solomon; Hasmonean Rule In the NT, Hebrews emphasizes that Jesus is a priestly Messiah or royal priest. The priestly figure becomes central for the returning exiles. He becomes their leader. Why? The kings had been unfaithful to the covenant and a failure as Israel's leaders. Priests, who supposedly new the Law or covenant stipulations, seemed a better choice in leading the returning exiles in faithfulness to the covenant. Each leadership structure developed eschatological expectations, i.e., a key figure would appear at the end of history to usher in God's kingdom. Prophet like Moses King / Ideal Son of David Priest How does leadership under priests fare for the returning exiles? Malachi 1:614 Priests profane God's worship Malachi 2:19 (esp. 46) Honor Yahweh in their priestly service Instruct in the Law/Covenant Turn many away from sin The Coming of Elijah Malachi 4:56 Sirach 48:1, 10 Then Elijah arose, a prophet like fire. . . . At the appointed time you are destined to calm the wrath of God before it breaks out in fury, to turn the hearts of the parents to their children and to restore tribes of Jacob. ...
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- Spring '08
- Judaism, Christian terms, Moses, priestly messiah