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15_Maccabean Era

15_Maccabean Era - and the Coming of the Son of Man...

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Unformatted text preview: and the Coming of the Son of Man Maccabean Era 323 B.C. Alexander the Great's empire divided up among his three generals a. Seleucus Syria/Baylonia, the "North" b. Ptolemy Egypt, the "South" 192 B.C. Seleucids took control of Palestine from Ptolemies Antiochus IV Epiphanes ("manifestation of God on earth") pursued an aggressive Hellenization of his kingdom. a. some Jews resisted b. Antiochus outlawed the Jewish religion (1 Macc 1:41ff.) c. In the village of Modein: Mattathias and his 5 sons resisted the policies and revolted. 168165 B.C. Maccabean War a. led by Judas Maccabeus (Seleucid nickname = "hammer") b. Successfully retook the temple and rededicated it in a week long festival, i.e., Feast of Dedication, Hanukkah. 16563 B.C. Hasmonean Rule (Hasmoneans continued to fight for political independence after the Temple was rededicated) 2 Maccabees Letter sent to Egyptian Jews to encourage them to celebrate the feast of Hanukkah. Problem passages for Protestants 2 Macc 15:1116 2 Macc 12:4345 Intercession of deadglorified `saints' for the living Offering/prayers to atone for the dead (Purgatory) Written during the persecution of Antiochus IV Chapters 16 Daniel Stories about Daniel and his companions Encourage faithfulness to God and the covenant in the face of Antiochus's attempts to outlaw the Jewish religion. Daniel 1: Not defile himself with royal rations of food and wine Daniel 3: S, M, A refuse to worship the golden statue of Nebuchadnezzar Daniel 45: God's judgments upon Babylonian kings who profane His name and worship Daniel 6: Daniel continues to openly pray to Yahweh though prayer to any other than Babylonian king has been outlawed Chapters 712 Apocalyptic visions 7:128 the 4 beasts 8:127 the ram and the male goat 9:127 interpretation of Jeremiah's 70 years 10:112:4 vision of the Last Days Daniel 7 and the "Coming of the Son of Man" Who are the four beasts? (vv. 18) 4 kingdoms Who is the "little horn" ? Winged lion = Babylonians Bear = Medes Four headed winged leopard = Persians Dragonlike beast = Greeks 10 horns = Seleucid kings Little horn = Antiochus IV Picture of the Last Judgment (vv. 914) Ancient One/Ancient of Days = God/Yahweh "One like the son of man" to whom dominion is given. Ideal figure at the end of history who executes judgment 2 Esdras 13:2526 "...As for you seeing a man come up from the heart of the sea, this is he whom the Most High has been keeping for many ages, who will himself deliver creation..." Matt 25:31 (cf. Mark 14:6263) Why this designation? Creation theology Humanity is given dominion over the created order. The nations are depicted as monstrous animals so it is fitting that the one who has dominion over them is a depicted as a human/"like a son of man." The Rise of the Hope for Resurrection Dan 12:23 Only passage in Hebrew Bible that is a clear reference to the resurrection from the dead Why is the hope important, especially in the situation precipitated by Antiochus? 2 Macc 7 Martyrdom of seven Jewish sons and their mother ...
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