Unformatted text preview: Birth Narratives Only the Gospels of Matthew and Luke contain birth narratives Mark starts in medias res at Jesus' baptism, the beginning of his ministry. John starts in eternity past with the preexistent Word and then resumes with Jesus calling his first disciples. Commonalities between birth narratives Date? During the reign of Herod Where born? Bethlehem Where brought up? Nazareth Mother? Mary Mother's husband? Joseph Name of the child? Jesus To whom is the annunciation made? Mary (Luke 1:26ff) Matt 1:1819 Matt 2:1ff Luke 2:8 Differences between the birth narratives What was Joseph's reaction to Mary's pregnancy? Who tells of the Magi? Who tells of the Shepherds? What town is home to Joseph and Mary? Matt 2:1, 2223 (Bethlehem); Luke 1:26 (Nazareth) Matt 1:21 ("he will save his people from their sins") Luke Who explains the significance of the name "Jesus"? Who interweaves the stories of Jesus' birth with the stories of John the Baptist's birth? Whose genealogy is located in the birth narrative? What is the point of this genealogy? Matt 1:1ff Jesus fulfills the promises to Abraham and David Jesus comes in the fullness of time Genealogies 3 sets of 14 generations each (AbrahamDavid; DavidExile; ExileJesus) Whose genealogy is located outside the birth narrative? What is the point of this genealogy? Luke 3:23ff Jesus is the advent of the new creation and the culmination of all God has been doing in the history of Israel. Why are the birth narratives shaped in the manner they appear in the Gospels? Matthew Matthew uses TYPOLOGICAL WRITING. Typological writing: describing persons, things, events in the present in terms of persons, things, events from the past. It is a way the significance of a person, thing, or event is conveyed. Yet another illustration from the Matrix Matthew uses typological writing to convey the significance of who Jesus is in his birth narrative.
Josephus Ant. 2.205223: the birth of Moses Matt 1:2021 Matt 2:112 Matt 2:1618 Matt 2:1415 Matt 2:1923 Father of Moses is told in a dream about the birth and mission of Moses. An Egyptian magi tells Pharaoh that the savior of Israel is born. Pharaoh orders all the Hebrew boy babies to be killed. Moses flees from Egypt to save his life. (LXX) "those who sought your life are dead" Conclusion: Jesus is the Second Moses/ a prophet like Moses. Luke Luke puts Jesus genealogy outside the birth narrative after Jesus' commissioning and before his mission. Exod 6:1425, Moses' genealogy occurs after his commissioning and before his mission to deliver Israel. By locating the genealogy where Luke does he is indicating the Jesus is the prophet like Moses (cf. Acts 3:22 / 7:52). Other significances of the location of Luke's genealogy. Occurs right before Jesus' temptation in the wilderness by Satan. Jesus who is the new Adam succeeds where Adam failed by resisting temptation. Also, because the temptations occur in the wilderness for 40 days, Jesus is implicitly identified with Israel. Though Israel proved faithless in the wilderness, Jesus remains faithful. Luke uses a rhetorical strategy called syncrisis in his birth narrative. Syncrisis: evaluative comparisons. Employed to show the superiority of one person over another when it is difficult to distinguish between the two. Luke's birth narrative is an alternating comparison of John the Baptist and Jesus
John the Baptist and Jesus Birth and early life
John the Baptist and Jesus Mary's visit to Elizabeth Demonstrates the superiority of Jesus over John ...
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- Spring '08
- Gospel of Matthew, Gospel of Luke, John the Baptist, Birth narrative