67%(3)2 out of 3 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 7 pages.
Study Guide for Chapter 10 - PersonalityYou should be able to define / describe / provide an example of / identify an example of:I.Groups of personality theories – different approaches try to do different thingsA.Psychoanalytic perspective – originated with Freud1.Key assumptionsa.The most important causes of behavior are motives, especially unconscious motivesb.Personality is determined by the interplay of inner conflicts & their resolutionc.Personality is set by adolescence 2.Three systems of personalitya.Idi.Pleasure principleb.Egoi.Reality principlec.Superegoi.Conscience ii.Ideal3.Psychosexual developmenta.Fixationb.Oral stage (birth to 18 months)i.part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Mouthii.major conflictat this stage? weaning c.Anal stage (18 months to 36 months)i.part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Anusii.major conflictat this stage? toilet trainingd.Phallic stage (3 to 6 yrs)i.part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Genitalsii.major conflictat this stage? Oedipus complex & castration anxiety (for boys)Electra complex & penis envy (for girls)e.Latency stage (5 or 6 to puberty)i.part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = dormant sexual feelingsii.conflicts/experiences Period of sexual calmInterest in school, hobbies, same-sex friendsf.Genital stage (from puberty on)i.part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations = Genitalsii.conflicts/experiences Revival of sexual interestsEstablishment of mature sexual relationships
B.The Neo-Freudians1.Carl Jung & Analytical psychologya.Components of personality i.Egoii.Personal unconsciousiii.Collective unconsciousb.Archetypesi.Anima (female component of the male psyche)ii.Animus (male component of the female psyche)iii.The Shadowiv.The Personav.The Self2.Alfred Adler & Individual psychologya.Main contributionsi.inferiority complexiii.sibling rivalryiv.birth orderb.Real or perceived inferiority leads to compensatory process3.KarenHorney a.Argued that little girls do not feel inferior to boys (because they have a penis)b.Social relationship more important than unconscious sexual/aggressive impulses4.Erik Eriksona.Theory of psychosocial development (8 psychosocial stages of growthb.Ego identityC.Learning theories 1.Behavior theory (AKA “behaviorism”) – situational or environmental influences shape personality (NOT internal, individual variables)2.