Urban Sprawl and Urban blight

Urban Sprawl and Urban blight - 1 Urban Sprawl and Urban...

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1 Urban Sprawl and Urban Blight (Chapter 23)
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2 Outline 1. Urban sprawl: How did it all start? 2. What was the 1956 Highway Trust Fund, and why was it bad? 3. What's a suburb anyway? 4. American cities’ populations have decreased in the past 50 years, not increased. How is that possible? 5. Are global populations growing faster or not? 6. What are indicators of urban sprawl? 7. What are some impacts of urban sprawl? 8. What is urban blight? 9. What is the difference between urban sprawl and urban blight?
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3 Word Bank Urban sprawl, urban blight World War II, baby boom Urban, suburban, suburbs Impacts of urban sprawl (environmental & quality of life) Population growth Population growth rate
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4 Urban sprawl: How did it all start?
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5 Urban sprawl Characterized by a far-flung urban/suburban network of low-density residential, shopping, and industrial areas City’s outer perimeters get expanded with development into rural areas, with no clear plan Smart Growth America: “the process in which the spread of development across the landscape far outpaces population growth.”
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6 Urban sprawl: origins WWII ended in 1945. Before WWII end, few people owned cars Walk to facilities (stores, etc.)
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7 Urban sprawl: origins Schools, parks, stores, etc. all within walking distance Big department stores, offices, etc. were farther away take the train “downtown” Problems: Too congested Noisy Smelly “American Dream”
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8 Urban sprawl: origins Schools, parks, stores, etc. all within walking distance Big department stores, offices, etc. were farther away take the train “downtown” Problems: Too congested Noisy Smelly “American Dream” Land and home ownership with white picket fence
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9 Urban sprawl: origins During WWII, there was a shortage of building supplies (all supplies went to war materials) After war, there was a pent-up demand for consumer goods, including cars. Now Americans no longer restricted to living atop storefronts, in cramped quarters Could follow the American Dream Ex: Perkins Rowe
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10 Urban sprawl: origins Baby boom!
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