Deterrent Conditions and General versus Specific Deterrence

Deterrent Conditions and General versus Specific Deterrence...

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Deterrent Conditions and General versus Specific Deterrence List and explain the 3 conditions necessary for a punishment to serve as a deterrent. Explain the difference between general and specific deterrence. In order to a punishment to serve as an effective deterrent, it must meet three criteria. It must be swift, severe, and certain. Swiftness implies that the punishment will quickly follow the crime so that the lesson can be associated with the crime. If you could commit a crime today and be charged five years from now, there is no immediate deterrence. Severity implies that the punishment fits the crime. It doesn’t mean everyone gets the death penalty, but the more serious the crime, the greater the punishment. Someone who kills three people and pays a fine is not deterred by such a small punishment. The punishment must be more severe to deter the
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Unformatted text preview: action. The third condition is certainty. This is required because punishments must be given to criminals. If you have less of a chance of being punished, you are less likely to be deterred. If ten out of ten people are punished for a crime, the incentive to not commit the crime increases, as the risk of getting punished increases as well. The difference between general and specific deterrence is that if I put you in prison, you are specifically deterred and don’t want any more time in prison. General deterrence would be if all of your friends see what is happening to you and do not want the same punishment. In the case of specific deterrence, it is your own experience that deters your actions. In terms of general deterrence, it is the experiences of others that deters your actions....
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