11-12-13 - Autism Spectrum Disorder

11-12-13 - Autism Spectrum Disorder - Autism Spectrum...

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November 12, 2013 Autism Spectrum Disorder 1. Origins of ASD a. Autism a.i. 1943: Ukrainian psychologist Leo Kanner at John Hopkins a.ii. Early infantile autism a.iii. Refrigerator mothers (mothers not being warm with their kids) a.iii.1. Popularized by Bruno Bettelhiem b. Asperger’s b.i. 1944: Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger b.ii. Wrote paper re: patients with “autistic personality disorder” b.iii. Asperger’s Description of Children with “Autistic Personality Disorder” b.iii.1. Impaired conversation skills b.iii.2. Poor control of emotions, with tendency to intellectualize feelings b.iii.3. Socially immature b.iii.4. Egocentric preoccupation with a specific topic or interest that would dominate their thinking and play b.iii.5. Clumsiness b.iii.6. Sensitivity to some sounds and smells b.iii.7. Poor organizational and self-help skills b.iii.8. (lighter end of autism spectrum) 2. Key Dimensions of ASD a. 5 characteristics/dimensions of autism a.i. Social a.i.1. More severe (Classic Autism)  Less severe (Asperger’s)
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a.i.1.a. Aloof, avoids social interaction a.i.1.b. Passive, tolerates social interaction a.i.1.c. “Active but odd” a.i.1.d. “Active but odd”, expresses interest in social interaction a.i.2. Eye contact, personal space, reading social cues (body language, facial expressions), joint attention a.ii. Communication (expressive and receptive) a.ii.1. More severe  Less severe a.ii.1.a. No spoken language a.ii.1.b. Limited speech (may require prompts); echolalia a.ii.1.b.i. Echolalia: repeating a.ii.1.c. Significant pragmatic/linguistic difficulties (scripted language) a.ii.1.c.i. TV talk a.ii.1.d. Remarkable verbal fluency, but unable to recognize others’ lack of interest a.iii. Cognitive a.iii.1. More severe  Less severe a.iii.1.a. Profound learning problems a.iii.1.b. Unusual learning style with relatively advanced skills in engineering-type areas (e.g.
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  • Spring '13
  • Staff
  • autism spectrum, a. Autism

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