9-10-13 - Eras of Treatment for People with Disabilities

9-10-13 - Eras of Treatment for People with Disabilities -...

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9/10/13 – Eras of Treatment for People with Disabilities NOTES Objectively picking and writing about the articles - Recent (2008 and Now) - Classic Articles (Ancient) (but not needed) - US Based (Can be published in an international journal but the research has to be done in the US) - Focus on education or characteristic - Peer Reviewed - Summarize the entire article - What data was collected, how was it collected, and analyze data - Research/intervention article easiest - Hard to summarize a review of the literature - Method for turning article ERAS OF TREATMENT FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES ERAS (PAST? PRESENT? BOTH?) - Elimination - Killing them off as they were born - Ridicule - Someone who can entertain us
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- Asylum/Institutionalization - We can’t kill people off simply because of disabilities but rather gather them together and house them - Education ELIMINATION - Eliminate those born disabilities - Attempt to rid society of those with disabilities - Examples : “Sterilization” – people with disabilities not be able to reproduce offspring - Mandatory sterilization without any permission - Holocaust - Greek and Roman Culture: “Survival of the Fittest” - Abandoned in the wilderness - Modern Examples: - Eugenics – www.eugenicsarchive.org/eugenics/ - The bio-social movement dedicated to removing and preventing people with disabilities reproducing - Selective abortion - Active euthanasia - Actively working to kill someone - Passive euthanasia - Allowing the individual to die
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- Withholding food, nutrition, and hydration to allow the baby to die - Apgar Score – children who had a obvious physical disability weren’t given the necessary thing to survive - Medical discrimination - Prenatal At Birth Decisions - Shortly after birth decisions RIDICULE - A role but at whose expense? - Example: A circus of those who were physically discrimination - The court jester ( Example: Elephant Man (1862 – 1890) - John (Joseph) Merrick was confined to workhouse at the age of 17 - Escaped four years later to join a freak show (1883) - While on exhibition, he was discovered by a London physician, Frederick Treves, and admitted to London Hospital (1886) - He remained there until, at age 27, he died in his sleep of accidental suffocation INSTITUTIONALIZATION - To take care of… - Them? - Us?
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- PENNHURST (Pennsylvania) - “Suffer the Little Children” - Medstate - The Last(?) Disgrace Robert and John Kennedy became more focused on the care of those with disabilities because of a sibling who had a learning disability The disabilities rights movement held onto the civil rights movements - The idea of “equal rights, equal opportunity” was being expanded upon to those with Disabilities THE CALL FOR REFORM - 60s, 70s, and the 80s.
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