3-21-13 Cold War outline

3-21-13 Cold War outline - COLD WAR The Cold War lasted...

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COLD WAR The Cold War lasted from the end of WWII to the 1970s. - The cold was a momentous development. - One of the more controversial things that a historian can examine. Was it reasonable for soviets to fear capitalist countries? Was it reasonable for the US to fear soviety influence in the world? I. Historical Debate (“Historiography”) Traditionalists, Revisionists, Post-Revisionists Josef Stalin/ Nazi-Soviet Pact of 1939 Yalta Conference 1945 Declaration on Liberated Europe Franklin Roosevelt/ Winston Churchill sphere-of-influence agreements Harry Truman—president following Roosevelt 3 ways: - Traditionalists - Revisionists - Post-revisionists
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TRADITIONALISTS - First interpreters of the Cold war – based all the blame on the soviets - The US was pure and innocent - The Soviet had gotten into the way of free trade, while the US had wanted to have free trade so that the world economy could expand and prevent it from going back into worldwide depression Evidence - Joseph Stalin – he tolerated no descent, purged all rivals, and created the gulaw (?) – which was a prison labor form - In 1939 (?), Stain and Hitler had signed a non-aggression act - Only after germany had invaded Russia, did the soviets had allied themelves with America - Stalin had no plan to free anyone - Stalin had let the Polish just die because it would be that much easier to invade Polish - Stalin did not allow for free election and set up communist regimes around the world - Stalin was the Russian equivalent of Stalin REVISIONIST - During the Vietnam War - There is enough blame to go around - Equal blame to both to Russia and US (In fact, sometimes US was more
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guilty). - They argued that US would wanted a capitalist empire rather than a communist regime that Russia had going. Because of this desire and goal, US was no different from Russia.
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