Social Stratification - Social Stratification Tuesday 10:56...

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Social Stratification Tuesday, February 28, 2012 10:56 AM How are we doing? o Income and wealth Extreme distribution of income -> the top 1%. Income of $500,000 That stratification of society is becoming more and more stuffed o Theory of meritocracy o Opportunity shapers Shape our chances to get an education and get what we consider a good job -> make a decent living One of the things in the news right now = Obama wanting to get everyone to be able to go to college. Santorum called him a snob, not everyone wants to or has to go to college SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Who gets how much of what society values, and why: o Money o Prestige (occupational…most prestigious? Supreme Court Justice) o Education o Health ('09: 50 Million, w/o insurance) o Some ppl say social stratification is the unequal distribution of things -> inherently says what is right/wrong -> but this is not sociological. Its more morals. We tend to judge moral value by how much somebody makes, how much someone is worth o Child asking "Are we good people? Are we generous people?" Relative depravation - idea that however deprived you are, it means the most when you are comparing yourself to other people Life Expectancy by race o Whites live about 8 years a little longer why? b/c of all the reasons associated with Sources of Knowledge o Sychronic: o Diachronic: Two types: 1. Intra- generational -> within generations. Mov't within lifetimes Stability within CLASS (ppl born into the middle class tend to stay there). Much occupational mobility…for the educated (we change our jobs on avg 6-7 times over lifetime) 2. Inter- generational. Between generations. More mov't, but (not?) much class stability. Much easier for those who are poor to drop into poverty. How are we doing? o Averages: mean and median o 3 person society: $0, $50k, $1Million o Mean = 350,000 o Median = middle point so that half are above and half below: $49,000 (2010)
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o NJ: $68,000 - "household income" (2009) 2 earners: $98,000 If 1 earner: $55,000 o Median is more important when looking at income o Median household income, 2010 Overall = $49,000 Asian headed household- $64,000 White " " - $52,000 Hispanic " " - $38,000 Black " " $32,000 Remember the census lets ppl choose what race they are. And they can pick more than one. o Wider ranges in distribution of income o Increased concentration of income and wealth Bottom line: for most of us, the distribution of income has been remarkable stable over 40-50yrs. But not at the very top. Rich get richer Changes: women in the workforce, not making many things in the U.S. anymore Proportion of blue collar jobs that have unions have dropped to about 10% o More ppl in poverty than 20yrs ago 1978 - 24million; 11% (lowest since 1959) 2010 - 46million Americans Poverty: def is $22k for family of 4 15% of all americans 9% of whites 26% of blacks 22% < 18yrs old (15% in 1970) o
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